What is Searle’s Chinese Room thought experiment to show?
To Searle, as a philosopher investigating in the nature of mind and consciousness, these are the relevant mysteries. The Chinese room is designed to show that the Turing test is insufficient to detect the presence of consciousness, even if the room can behave or function as a conscious mind would.
What is the point of Searle’s example of the Chinese room also what is Searle’s position on the possibility of strong artificial intelligence AI )?
Searle goes on to say, “The point of the argument is this: if the man in the room does not understand Chinese on the basis of implementing the appropriate program for understanding Chinese then neither does any other digital computer solely on that basis because no computer, qua computer, has anything the man does not
What is the main point of Searle’s Chinese room argument quizlet?
Searle argues against The Strong A.I. Thesis: An appropriately programmed computer would be a thinking thing (a mind). John Searle is locked in a room, he does NOT know or understand any Chinese.
What does Searle think his Chinese Room thought experiment shows quizlet?
Terms in this set (13) Searle is inside a room that shows a screen with inputs written in Chinese, but he does not know Chinese, so they look like meaningless squiggles. There is an output chute where he can put the correct output according to an English rulebook that tells you how to manipulate the symbols.
What is the main point of the Chinese room argument?
John Searle (2009), Scholarpedia, 4(8):3100. The Chinese Room Argument aims to refute a certain conception of the role of computation in human cognition. In order to understand the argument, it is necessary to see the distinction between Strong and Weak versions of Artificial Intelligence.
How does Searle respond to the robot reply quizlet?
Which of the following best characterizes Searle’s response to the Robot Reply? Putting the program into a robot concedes that merely running a program is not sufficient for understanding.
Which of the following is a criticism the hard determinist would make of the libertarian?
Which of the following is a criticism the hard determinist would make of the libertarian? Libertarianism is in conflict with the scientific view of the world. our will is suspended between two causes that pull us in opposite directions. There is no way to know if we are determined or free.
What did Searle believe?
Searle believes that he has demonstrated that no computer program that manipulates symbols based solely on their formal “syntactic” properties (e.g., their shape and their position) can ever be said to understand a language . . even if it does pass The Turing Test.
Why is the Chinese room argument flawed?
Even if a hardware running a program creates a mind that understands Chinese, the person in the Chinese Room is the hardware and doesn’t understand Chinese. It does not, however, refute the possibility that the hardware can create a mind that understands Chinese by executing the program.
What is the goal of strong AI quizlet?
What is the difference between Strong and Weak AI? According to Strong AI, a computer running the right program would be intelligent and have a mind just as we do. There is nothing more to having a mind than running the right program. According to Weak AI, computers can simulate the mind.
What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body?
Terms in this set (10) What is one reason that Descartes offers for believing that the self is a thinking substance and can exist without a body? I can conceive of myself existing without a body, but I cannot conceive of myself existing without a mind.
Which of the following is a criticism of dualism from the Physicalist perspective?
Which of the following is a criticism the physicalist makes of dualism? The dualist cannot adequately explain where mind-body interaction takes place.
What do property Dualists believe?
Property dualism describes a category of positions in the philosophy of mind which hold that, although the world is composed of just one kind of substance—the physical kind—there exist two distinct kinds of properties: physical properties and mental properties.
How does Descartes use the notion of divisibility to argue that the mind exists independently from the body?
On the one hand, Descartes argues that the mind is indivisible because he cannot perceive himself as having any parts. On the other hand, the body is divisible because he cannot think of a body except as having parts. Hence, if mind and body had the same nature, it would be a nature both with and without parts.