Why is Wernike’s area of the brain called Wernike’s area?

Why is it called Wernicke’s area?

Wernicke’s area is named for the physician who first identified the functions associated with this region of the brain. Carl Wernicke, a 26-year-old physician-in-training in the early 1870s, saw several patients with very impaired language comprehension. Their production was disrupted as well.

Who came up with Wernicke’s area?

Wernicke area was first discovered in 1874 by a German neurologist, Carl Wernicke. It has been identified as 1 of 2 areas found in the cerebral cortex that manages speech.

How was Wernicke’s area discovered?

Discovery of Wernicke’s Area

In 1861, Paul Broca did just this. He was a neurosurgeon who studied a man named Tan. He was called Tan because that is the only word the man could say. Tan could understand spoken language, but he could only make a sound that sounded like ‘tan.

What is the difference between Broca and Wernicke area?

Essentially, Wernicke’s area works to make sure the language makes sense, whilst Broca’s area helps to ensure the language is produced in a fluent way. This understanding of language was later expanded upon by neurologist Norman Geschwind, who proposed what would be known as the Wernicke-Geschwind model.

What does the Broca area do?

Broca’s area is a key component of a complex speech network, interacting with the flow of sensory information from the temporal cortex, devising a plan for speaking and passing that plan along to the motor cortex, which controls the movements of the mouth.

What is the role of Wernicke’s area?

Wernicke’s area receives information from the auditory cortex, and functions to assign word meanings. This is why damage to this area results in meaningless speech, often with paraphasic errors and newly created words or expressions.

Where in the brain are Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas?

Anatomy of Language

  • Broca’s area, located in the left hemisphere, is associated with speech production and articulation. …
  • Wernicke’s area is a critical language area in the posterior superior temporal lobe connects to Broca’s area via a neural pathway.

Where are Wernicke’s and Broca’s area?

Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas are cortical areas specialized for production and comprehension, respectively, of human language. Broca’s area is found in the left inferior frontal gyrus and Wernicke’s area is located in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.

How did Broca and Wernicke determine the location of key language areas in the brain?

How did Broca and Wernicke determine the location of key language areas in the brain? By looking at the different lesions on the brain, and how it affected their skills to communicate.

What is the frontal lobe responsible for?

The frontal lobes are important for voluntary movement, expressive language and for managing higher level executive functions. Executive functions refer to a collection of cognitive skills including the capacity to plan, organise, initiate, self-monitor and control one’s responses in order to achieve a goal.

Is Wernicke’s area only on the left?

The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the brain.

What is the front part of your brain called?

Cerebrum. The cerebrum (front of brain) comprises gray matter (the cerebral cortex) and white matter at its center. The largest part of the brain, the cerebrum initiates and coordinates movement and regulates temperature.

What part of the brain is in the forehead?

frontal lobe

The frontal lobe is the most anterior (front) part of the brain. It extends from the area behind the forehead back to the precentral gyrus. As a whole, the frontal lobe is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as memory, emotions, impulse control, problem solving, social interaction, and motor function.

What structures is the frontal lobe near?

The frontal lobes are located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere and positioned in front of or anterior to the parietal lobes and above and anterior to the temporal lobes.

Where is the right frontal lobe located?

The frontal lobe is part of the brain’s cerebral cortex. Individually, the paired lobes are known as the left and right frontal cortex. As the name implies, the frontal lobe is located near the front of the head, under the frontal skull bones and near the forehead.

Who is thalamus?

Your thalamus is an egg-shaped structure in the middle of your brain. It’s known as a relay station of all incoming motor (movement) and sensory information — hearing, taste, sight and touch (but not smell) — from your body to your brain.

Does the hypothalamus regulate the thalamus?

Regulation of Thalamus and the Hypothalamus

The thalamus regulates sleep, alertness and wakefulness, whereas the hypothalamus regulates body temperature, hunger, fatigue and metabolic processes in general.

What part of the brain is the thalamus?


The thalamus is a paired gray matter structure of the diencephalon located near the center of the brain. It is above the midbrain or mesencephalon, allowing for nerve fiber connections to the cerebral cortex in all directions — each thalamus connects to the other via the interthalamic adhesion.