The argument is build to support a conclusion. That conclusion may very well be that from 4 possible states only states A and C are possible. There is thus more than 1 possible outcome, but there is still only 1 conclusion.
Can an argument have only one conclusion?
There can be only one conclusion in a single argument. In this lesson you will need to be able to distinguish premises and conclusions: The foolproof way to do this is to ask yourself what the author of the argument is trying to get you to believe. The answer to this question is the conclusion.
Can an argument have one premise and one conclusion?
Sub-conclusions: Often some of the premises of an argument support as a conclusion a statement serving itself as a premise in the argument for the final conclusion. Such a statement is a sub-conclusion of the argument. Arguments can have any number of premises (even just one) and sub-conclusions.
Do arguments always have more than one conclusion?
As “argument” is defined in the text, every argument has exactly one conclusion. As “argument” is defined in the text, some arguments may have no premises at all.
What is the purpose of an arguments conclusion?
The purpose of a conclusion in an argument is to signal closure to the reader. Without a conclusion, a reader may be left confused or needing more information.
Can a single argument have two conclusions?
In the second sense, argument is a synonym for the technical term inference which is the process by which a single proposition can be constructed from a collection of premises (sometimes unstated). So, in the broader sense, an argument can have more than one conclusion (and usually does).
Can an argument include more than one step?
An argument may have more than one step so that a given proposition can be both a conclusion ( of one step) and a premise of another step, is separate arrows to represent each step, with the final conclusion on the bottom line.
Do all arguments have a conclusion?
FALSE: A valid argument must have a true conclusion only if all of the premises are true. So it is possible for a valid argument to have a false conclusion as long as at least one premise is false.
Do arguments need more than one premise?
All arguments must have more than one premise. The words “therefore,” “hence,” “so,” “since,” and “thus” are all conclusion indicators. words “for,” “because,” “as,” and “for the reason that” are all premise indicators. In the strict sense of the terms, inference and argument have exactly the same meaning.
When we say an argument is valid we mean that all the claims in the argument are true?
A sound argument is both valid and has all true premises. Since a sound argument is valid, it is such that if all the premises are true then the conclusion must be true. Since a sound argument also has all true premises, it follows that a sound argument must have a true conclusion. 8.
What makes an argument valid?
An argument is valid if the premises and conclusion are related to each other in the right way so that if the premises were true, then the conclusion would have to be true as well.
What is the difference between a sub conclusion and the main conclusion of an argument?
Sub-Conclusion: Also known as a subsidiary or intermediate conclusion, a sub-conclusion is a claim that looks like a conclusion (because it is supported by one or more other statements), but that isn’t the main conclusion—it’s a conclusion that also supports a different claim!
What makes an argument deductive?
A deductive argument is the presentation of statements that are assumed or known to be true as premises for a conclusion that necessarily follows from those statements. Deductive reasoning relies on what is assumed to be known to infer truths about similarly related conclusions.
What makes the conclusion of a valid deductive argument true?
Valid: an argument is valid if and only if it is necessary that if all of the premises are true, then the conclusion is true; if all the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true; it is impossible that all the premises are true and the conclusion is false. Invalid: an argument that is not valid.
Can a deductive argument have a false conclusion?
A valid deductive argument can have all false premises and a false conclusion.
What is difference between inductive and deductive reasoning?
What’s the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning? Inductive reasoning is a bottom-up approach, while deductive reasoning is top-down. Inductive reasoning takes you from the specific to the general, while in deductive reasoning, you make inferences by going from general premises to specific conclusions.
What inductive reasoning means?
Inductive reasoning is a method of drawing conclusions by going from the specific to the general. It’s usually contrasted with deductive reasoning, where you go from general information to specific conclusions.
Which of the following might be good reasons to choose an inductive argument rather than a deductive one?
Inductive reasoning has many advantages over deductive reasoning when it comes to many issues. For example, inductive reasoning is often more available, robust, and persuasive. True or False: In the philosophy of science it is generally considered a good thing if a claim is falsifiable. TRUE.
What is the major difference between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning quizlet?
What is the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning? Inductive reasoning begins with specific observations and comes up with generalizations where deductive reasoning begins with generalizations and moves toward specific predictions.
What are clear definitions of inductive and deductive reasoning?
Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is making an inference based on widely accepted facts or premises. If a beverage is defined as “drinkable through a straw,” one could use deduction to determine soup to be a beverage. Inductive reasoning, or induction, is making an inference based on an observation, often of a sample.
What is the definition of the inductive approach quizlet?
Inductive reasoning is the process of reasoning that a rule or statement is true because specific cases are true. You may use inductive reasoning to draw a conclusion from a pattern. A statement you believe to be true based on inductive reasoning is called a conjecture.
Which of the following is true about deductive reasoning?
Terms in this set (36) Which of the following is true of deductive reasoning? It is a method of reasoning that involves working from a generalization to a specific conclusion.
Why is deductive reasoning stronger than inductive reasoning?
So deductive reasoning is much stronger and the reason that will give their for the options that are given is that it makes assumptions based on the supported ideas.
Is deductive reasoning always true?
Deductive reasoning is black and white; a conclusion is either true or false and cannot be partly true or partly false. We decide whether a deductive statement is true by assessing the strength of the link between the premises and the conclusion.