Why does Benatar say suffering outweighs joy?

Why it is better never to come into existence David Benatar summary?

In this book, David Benatar argues that every person is severely harmed by being brought into existence, and that in bringing any person into existence one impermissibly harms that person. His conclusion is not merely that by bringing a person into existence, one harms him.

What is Benatar’s argument?

Benatar argues that bringing someone into existence generates both good and bad experiences, pain and pleasure, whereas not doing so generates neither pain nor pleasure. The absence of pain is good, the absence of pleasure is not bad. Therefore, the ethical choice is weighed in favor of non-procreation.

Is coming into existence always a harm?

Overall, the upshot is that existence is always a harm because it always entails some sort of pain and suffering. That pain and suffering comes about because of the birth of that being. So that being’s birth always brings harm with it; that harm wouldn’t have existed if the being wasn’t born.

Is it better to never exist?

Simply put, non existence means no suffering and no deprivation. Therefore, never existing is better than existing, considering all the suffering that humans must endure.

What does Antinatalism refer to?

New Word Suggestion. a philosophical position that opposes human procreation, holding it to be morally wrong. (also anti-natalism) noun “Antinatalism is the view that it is wrong to bring a child into existence.”

What’s so good about non existence?

(1) The presence of pain is bad for X. (2) The presence of pleasure is good for X. But (3) The absence of pain is good for X, even if X doesn’t exist to enjoy that good. 6 (4) The absence of pleasure is only not bad for X unless X exists to be deprived.

Is procreation immoral?

Procreation is only morally justified if there is some method for acquiring informed consent from a non-existent person; but that is impossible; therefore, procreation is immoral.


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Are antinatalists right?

Antinatalists are right, in my view, that it harms an individual to be born into a life that may contain extreme suffering. However, antinatalists should also consider the effects that an extra member of the human population would have on other sentient beings.

Who started anti Natalism?

David Benatar

The word “antinatalism” was first used in the current meaning in 2006, when the two books that justify the universal negation of procreation were published: one by David Benatar and the other by Théophile de Giraud.

Why is procreation morally wrong?

It is morally wrong to take unjust actions (whether it inflicts harm or not). If it is unjust to condemn an innocent person to death, then it is unjust to procreate. Thus, if it is morally wrong to condemn an innocent person to death, then it is morally wrong to procreate.

Is it unethical to have a child?

Antinatalism: since children can’t consent to being born, it’s unethical to impose life (give birth) in a world in which the potential for extreme suffering exists. Having children means gambling with the welfare of someone else.

Was Schopenhauer an anti-natalist?

Antinatalism has roots in Buddhism and ancient Greek thought, and a kind of proto-antinatalism was later defended in the pessimistic writings of Arthur Schopenhauer (he assigned a negative value to birth but did not denounce procreation).

What countries have anti-natalist policies?

As examples of countries with antinatalist policies, the Netherlands and the US were selected. As representatives of the pronatalist group, France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) were selected.

How did existentialism begin?

Existentialism in its currently recognizable form was developed by the 19th Century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, although neither actually used the term in their work.