Aristotle conceives that citizens can become friends (philoi) of each other, hence live peaceful, and do not need further regulations by law (justice = dikaiosynae).
Why does Aristotle say that friends have no need of justice?
Why does Aristotle say that “friends have no need of justice”? Since friends of the highest kind have a relationship characterized by virtue, and since justice, in its fullest sense, is complete virtue, justice is already fulfilled in this friendship.
What does Aristotle say about the virtue of friendship?
Aristotle on Friendship
With true friendship, friends love each other for their own sake, and they wish good things for each other. This kind of friendship, says Aristotle, is only possible between “good people similar in virtue,” because only good people are capable of loving another person for that person’s own sake.
Why does Aristotle think friendship is better than justice?
The goodness shown in noble friendships seems higher than justice because it is entirely dependent upon one’s own character and choice and is not defined or compelled by law. Acts of friendship seem both more truly generous and more conducive to one’s own happiness than acts done strictly because they are moral.
What is the relationship between friendship and justice for Aristotle?
Aristotle defines justice only within friendships. Thus, Aristotle does not recognize human rights to a fair share of resources, or a fair compensation for injury, or a fair price for goods. People’s deserts do not derive from their bare humanity, but only from their participation in friendships.
How does Aristotle define Philia love?
In his Rhetoric, Aristotle defines the activity involved in philia (τὸ φιλεῖν) as: wanting for someone what one thinks good, for his sake and not for one’s own, and being inclined, so far as one can, to do such things for him.
What is Aristotle theory of justice?
Aristotle says justice consists in what is lawful and fair, with fairness involving equitable distributions and the correction of what is inequitable.
What is the relationship between friendship and justice?
Just as friendship binds together individuals, so justice binds together communities. Friendship is closely related to justice, and the demands of justice increase with the strength of a friendship.
What does Aristotle say about unequal friendships?
However, there is a flaw in Aristotle’s argument, where he presents conflicting views regarding unequal friendships; he claims that the superior friend should be loved more due to their merit, while he also claims that friendship is more about loving than being loved.
What characteristics does Aristotle believe should be present in a friendship?
Aristotle considers philia (friendship) as an essential component of ‘the good life’: in friendship, friends love “the lovable, and this is good, pleasant, or useful” [NE VIII. 2: 1155b, 19]. Friends are defined as people who “must be mutually recognized as bearing goodwill and wishing well to each other” [NE VIII.
What are the three kinds of friendship according to Aristotle?
In philosophical discussions of friendship, it is common to follow Aristotle (Nicomachean Ethics, Book VIII) in distinguishing three kinds of friendship: friendships of pleasure, of utility, and of virtue.
What does Aristotle say about relationships?
Aristotle also affirms that people love (philein) those who have treated them well, or who, they believe, wish to do so, and also those who love the ones they love (1381a11-14), and adds that we love those who hate the same people we do, or are hated by the same people (1381a15- 17).
What does civil friendship mean?
In the previous section, I clarified that civic friendship is defined as a kind of friendship that citizens develop when they look after the good of others mainly through the exercise of political authority.
What are the features of Concord How is it related to friendship?
Concord is a form of friendly feeling that exists between friends or within a state when people have the same ends in view. Benefactors seem to love those whom they have benefited more than the beneficiaries love in return.
What reasons does Aristotle offer to show that goodwill is not friendship?
Goodwill isn’t the same thing as friendship, Aristotle claims, because it arises even toward people we don’t know. It is more superficial than the loving upon which friendship is based.