What are the arguments against poetry by Plato?
Plato had distrusted poetic imitation because it represented particulars, and not general statements of truth; because mimesis works differently for Aristotle, it can repre- sent those general statements.
What does Socrates say about poetry?
Socrates’ criticism that poetry feeds the weakest part of the soul is obviously not an argument that Plato can fully agree with, because otherwise any reader reading that dialogue would be feeding the bad part of their soul. The Republic, of course, utilizes mimetic poetry.
What is the belief of Plato regarding art?
According to Plato, art is false knowledge of reality. An artist’s imitation can deceive common people, not the philosopher, who knows the essence of reality or the real being of things.
What is the problem of the One and the Many for Plato?
The problem of finding the one thing that lies behind all things in the universe is called the problem of the one and the many. Basically stated, the problem of the one and the many begins from the assumption that the universe is one thing. Because it is one thing, there must be one, unifying aspect behind everything.
What are Plato’s objection to poetry?
Plato’s three main objections to poetry are that poetry is not ethical, philosophical and pragmatic, in other words, he objected to poetry from the point of view of Education, from Philosophical point of view and from Moral point of view.
How does Plato’s attitude toward poets differ from Aristotle’s?
Plato condemned poetry on moral, intellectual and emotional grounds. Aristotle justifies poetry on moral, intellectual and emotional grounds. Plato defended philosophy, whereas Aristotle defended poetry. Plato regarded emotions as undesirable and so advocated it repression.
What is the philosophical perspective of Plato?
In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …
How did Plato view art in his time?
Plato’s views on Art
Art is just a copy of life, and a collection of “mere appearances”. He claimed that the changing physical world is a poor copy of the perfect and changeless original. In his Theory of the Forms, he claimed that the only true reality is the unchanging world of the forms that God created.
Who answers to Plato’s objection to poetry?
Aristotle replied to the charges made by his Guru Plato against poetry in particular and art in general. He replied to them one by one in his defence of poetry. Plato says that art being the imitation of the actual is removed from the Truth.
What are the four objections raised against poetry?
1.8 FOUR CHIEF OBJECTIONS TO POETRY
First—poetry is useless—a waste of time, second—poetry is deceptive the mother of all lies, third—poetry is immoral—the nurse of abuse, fourth—Plato would have none of it and so banished poets from his republic.
What is the central argument in the essay apology for poetry?
Apology applies language use in a way suggestive of what is known in modern literary theory as semiotics. His central premise, as was that of Socrates in Plato’s Republic, is that poetry is an art of imitation, that is, a “representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth” not unlike a “speaking picture”.
How does Sidney defend poetry against Plato’s accusations?
Sidney does recognize the importance of both History and Philosophy but maintains that poetry represents an artistic perspective of both. Sidney addresses the accusations that poets are liars or falsifiers by claiming someone cannot lie if they never attempt to tell the truth in the first place.
What is the Sir Philip Sidney views about poetry in his essay an apology for poetry?
An Apology for Poetry is about the role of the poet in society. Sidney takes pains to demonstrate that all the great civilizations of the world have valued poetry and the work of the poet. For Sidney, poetry is not merely part of civilisation: it is civilisation. Poetry is a civilised, and civilising, art form.
What according to Sidney is the value and purpose of poetry?
The ultimate aim of this kind of poetry is moral: the poet imitates, says Sidney, in order “both to delight and teach.” The object of both teaching and delighting is goodness: by delighting, the poet moves people to welcome goodness; and by teaching, he enables them to “know that goodness whereunto they are moved.” And …
Why does Philip Sidney in an apology for poetry shed light on the creator rather than on the creation?
The “fore-conceit to which Sidney refers reveals his tendency towards creator rather than creation – “the poet hath that idea“- and there is power which enables man to “learn why and how that maker made him.” A physical reference is far stronger than a purely spiritual one, enabling man to act against his “infected …
What is the purpose of poetry according to Sidney?
Poetry, according to Sidney, is an art of imitation, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth; to speak metaphorically, a speaking picture, with this end,—to teach and delight.
Why does Sidney prefer poetry to history and philosophy in an apology for poetry?
In Sidney’s view, poetry is superior to philosophy and history because of its ability to present vivid, compelling examples to the reader not simply of what has been or will be, but what should be. The philosopher can only articulate an abstract description of an ethical principle.
What according to Sidney is the end of all learning?
Virtuous action is, therefore, the end of learning; and Sidney sets out to prove that the poet, more than anyone else, fulfils this end.
How does Sidney define poetry as an art of imitation?
To, Sidney, poetry is an art of imitation for specific purpose, it is imitated to teach and delight. According to him, poetry is simply a superior means of communication and its value depends on what is communicated. So, even history when it is described in a lively and passionate expression becomes poetic.
What are Plato’s rules for poetry?
As a moralist, Plato disapproves of poetry because it is immoral, as a philosopher he disapproves of it because it is based in falsehood. He is of the view that philosophy is better than poetry because philosopher deals with idea / truth, whereas poet deals with what appears to him / illusion.
Why did Plato banish the poet from his ideal state?
He banished them because they produced the wrong sort of poetry. To rebut Plato’s critique of poetry, what is needed is not a defence of poetry, but a defence of the freedom of poets to write as, and what, they wish.