Why aren’t there fundamental duties?

Why fundamental duties are not enforceable?

As the fundamental duties are designed concerning the individual and the nation. The sole purpose of incorporating the duties was to instil a sense of patriotism in the citizens. There are no legal provisions for the enforceability of these duties.

Are fundamental duties legally enforceable?

These duties are not enforceable by law. However, a court may take them into account while adjudicating on a matter. They were made a part of the Constitution to emphasise the obligation of the citizen in return for the fundamental rights that he or she enjoys.

What are not the fundamental duties?

One of the duties of Indian citizens is to safeguard public property and to abjure violence. Amassing property is not a fundamental duty of an Indian citizen.

What are the criticism of fundamental duties?

Criticism of Fundamental Duties

This is because the duties included in the Constitution as fundamental would be performed by the people even though they were not incorporated into the Constitution. Some of the duties are vague, ambiguous and difficult to be understood by the common man.

Why fundamental duties are not justiciable Upsc?

The fundamental duties serve as a reminder to citizens that while enjoying their rights, they have also to be quite conscious of duties they owe to their country, their society and to their fellow-citizens. However, like the Directive Principles, the duties are also non-justiciable in nature.

Are fundamental duties necessary?

Fundamental duties are intended to serve as a constant reminder to every citizen that while the constitution specifically conferred on them certain Fundamental Rights, it also requires citizens to observe certain basic norms of democratic conduct and democratic behaviour because rights and duties are co-relative.

Why have Fundamental Duties been included in the Constitution?

The Fundamental Duties were included in the Constitution with the idea of curbing subversive and unconstitutional activities. Originally, there were no fundamental duties in the Constitution. They were added by 42nd and 86th Constitutional Amendment acts.

Which country India adopted Fundamental Duties?


The concept of fundamental duties of the Indian constitution was borrowed from USSR(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Fundamental duties were added in Indian constitution on the recommendation of Swaran Singh Committee by the 42th Amendment Act.

When did Fundamental Duties get inserted into Indian Constitution?

The fundamental duties of citizens were added to the constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the government earlier that year.

Are Fundamental Duties toothless?

Fundamental duties are mere cosmetic additions to the Indian constitution with no teeth attached to it‘.

Are Fundamental Duties justiciable?

The fundamental duties are designed concerning the individual and the nation. The main purpose of incorporating the duties is to instil a sense of patriotism in the citizens. There are no legal provisions for the enforcement of these duties. These duties are non-justiciable meaning that any violation is not punishable.

Is Fundamental Duties enforceable Upsc?

AIIMS 2001, it was held by the Supreme Court that fundamental duties are equally important like fundamental rights. Though fundamental duties are not enforceable like fundamental rights they cannot be overlooked as duties in Part IV A.

Who borrowed the Fundamental Duties from the?

Fundamental Duties are said to be “borrowed” from the citizen’s duties enumerated in the constitution of the erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). They also intended to bring the Constitution in line with Article 29(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Under which Article untouchability is abolished?

Article 17

Article 17. Abolition of Untouchability. -“Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of “Untouchability” shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

Which 3 countries have enshrined the Fundamental Duties in the Constitution other than India?