Who were the key thinkers in classical metaphysics, and what were the main problems they were trying to solve? What can I read on this topic?

Who is the founder of metaphysics?


The word ‘metaphysics’ is derived from a collective title of the fourteen books by Aristotle that we currently think of as making up Aristotle’s Metaphysics.

What are the main concerns and the main questions dealt with in metaphysics?

Metaphysics studies questions related to what it is for something to exist and what types of existence there are. Metaphysics seeks to answer, in an abstract and fully general manner, the questions: What is there?

What are the problems and issues of metaphysics?

Typical issues include transcendence, being, existence in its individual and communal dimensions, causality, relations, analogy, purpose, the possibility of metaphysics, and the relations of metaphysics to other disciplines.

Who is the philosopher in metaphysics?


The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title “Metaphysics” was the treatise by Aristotle that we have come to know by that name.

What is metaphysics according to Kant?

Kant defines metaphysics in terms of “the cognitions after which reason might strive independently of all experience,” and his goal in the book is to reach a “decision about the possibility or impossibility of a metaphysics in general, and the determination of its sources, as well as its extent and boundaries, all, …

Who was known as the metaphysician?

One of the first great metaphysicians was Aristotle. Aristotle had several conceptions of what later became known as metaphysics. On one conception, metaphysics is the study of “being qua being”.

What are the four problems of philosophy?

The whole of Nyaya philosophy may be conveniently divided into four parts, viz., the theory of knowledge, the theory of physical world, the theory of individual self and its liberation, and the theory of God.

What is the problem of duplication in metaphysics?

The duplication argument assumes that if personal identity holds between the original person and each successor person, we get the absurd result that the successor persons are the same person as each other.

What are examples of metaphysics?

Metaphysical Topics and Examples

  • What is existence and reality?
  • What is the nature of space and time?
  • What are the differences between empirical and conceptual objects?
  • How was the universe created?
  • Is human behavior subject to freewill or determined by causes beyond our control?
  • What does it mean to exist?

What is metaphysics according to Aristotle?

Metaphysics, for Aristotle, was the study of nature and ourselves. In this sense he brings metaphysics to this world of sense experience–where we live, learn, know, think, and speak. Metaphysics is the study of being qua being, which is, first, the study of the different ways the word “be” can be used.

What is Plato’s metaphysical theory?

First published Wed May 12, 2004; substantive revision Wed Mar 9, 2016. Platonism is the view that there exist such things as abstract objects — where an abstract object is an object that does not exist in space or time and which is therefore entirely non-physical and non-mental.