Who came up with the terms “act utilitarianism” and “rule utilitarianism”?

The most important classical utilitarians are Jeremy BenthamJeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham was an English philosopher and political radical. He is primarily known today for his moral philosophy, especially his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based upon their consequences.

Who came up with the term utilitarianism?

Jeremy Bentham

Benthamism, the utilitarian philosophy founded by Jeremy Bentham, was substantially modified by his successor John Stuart Mill, who popularized the term utilitarianism.

Where did act utilitarianism come from?

Act utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility, which is the basis of all utilitarian theories and is best summed up in Bentham’s well-known phrase, “the greatest happiness for the greatest number”.

Is John Stuart Mill a rule utilitarian?

To summarize the essential points: Mill can be characterized as an act utilitarian in regard to the theory of objective rightness, but as a rule utilitarian in regard to the theory of moral obligation.

What is John Stuart Mill’s theory?

John Stuart Mill believed in the philosophy of utilitarianism, which he would describe as the principle that holds “that actions are right in the proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness”.

What is act utilitarianism vs rule utilitarianism?

ACT and RULE Utilitarianism
There is a difference between rule and act utilitarianism. The act utilitarian considers only the results or consequences of the single act while the rule utilitarian considers the consequences that result of following a rule of conduct .