So let’s examine the argument carefully, starting with Plantinga’s concept of ‘properly basic’ beliefs. Plantinga defines a basic belief as one that is ‘accepted, but not accepted on the basis of any other beliefs’ (87). Such a belief is proper if it is reasonably or rightly or justifiably believed even so.
What makes a belief properly basic?
A properly basic belief, then, is best construed as a sufficiently warranted belief that is sufficiently warranted by virtue of its immediate warrant, i.e., independent of any transferred warrant it might enjoy.
Where did belief come from?
Beliefs originate from what we hear – and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc.
What is a basic belief in philosophy?
A basic belief is an idea we hold that can not be explained by some other idea. Its truth seems self-evident to us. That is what makes it basic or foundational.
What is an example of a properly basic belief?
Typically properly basic beliefs are beliefs that are justified by experience. Suppose, for example, that I am in a classroom and see an apple on the teacher’s desk in front of me. Suppose also that I form the belief that there is an apple on the desk in front of me and that belief is justified.
How does Plantinga define a basic belief?
Plantinga defines a basic belief as one that is ‘accepted, but not accepted on the basis of any other beliefs‘ (87). Such a belief is proper if it is reasonably or rightly or justifiably believed even so.
What is belief epistemology?
In the following, the term “epistemic beliefs” shall be consistently used to refer to a person’s beliefs about the nature of human knowledge, like its certainty and how it is conceptualized, and a person’s beliefs about the criteria for and the process of knowing.
What is belief according to Plato?
Plato believed that it is only philosophers who should rule over the lands. Plato believed that only people who have been proven time and time again to make judgments that are in the best interests of society without clouding their judgment with personal interests should be fit to rule.
Who said to see is to believe?
The full quote from the 17th century English clergyman, Thomas Fuller, is “Seeing is believing, but feeling is the truth.” This suggests that believing and truth are two very separate matters altogether.
What are the basic beliefs of Islam?
The Five Pillars are the core beliefs and practices of Islam:
- Profession of Faith (shahada). The belief that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” is central to Islam. …
- Prayer (salat). …
- Alms (zakat). …
- Fasting (sawm). …
- Pilgrimage (hajj).
Is Plantinga a Foundationalist?
Plantinga defines classical foundationalism as those versions of foundationalism which explicate properly basic belief in terms of beliefs which are self-evident or incorrigible or evident to the senses.
What is classical foundationalism?
Classical foundationalism maintains that basic beliefs must be infallible if they are to justify nonbasic beliefs, and that only deductive reasoning can be used to transfer justification from one belief to another.
What does Reformed epistemology claim?
Reformed epistemology is a thesis about the rationality of religious belief. A central claim made by the reformed epistemologist is that religious belief can be rational without any appeal to evidence or argument.
Who came up with Natural Theology?
The ideals of natural theology can be traced back to the Old Testament and Greek philosophy. Early sources evident of these ideals come from Jeremiah and The Wisdom of Solomon (c. 50 BC) and Plato’s dialogue Timaeus (c. 360 BC).
Was Kierkegaard a Fideist?
Historically, fideism is most commonly ascribed to four philosophers: Søren Kierkegaard, Blaise Pascal, William James, and Ludwig Wittgenstein; with fideism being a label applied in a negative sense by their opponents, but which is not always supported by their own ideas and works or followers.