Who are the leading thinkers, both past and present, on the subject of self-deception?

What is self-deception in critical thinking?

In the first definition — sometimes called ‘defla- tionary’ [2] — self-deception is simply a motivated false belief [e.g. 5,6], and is indistinguishable from positive illusions. In this view, self-deception can arise from, for example, selective attention, biased information search, or forgetting.

What are some examples of self-deception?

Self-deception definition
Self deception is defined as the act of lying to yourself or of making yourself believe something that isn’t really true. An example of self deception is someone who convinces herself her boyfriend loves her even though he has told her several times he wants to break up.

What is self-deception in psychology?

This is called “self-deception.” Self-deception is a personality trait and an independent mental state, it involves a combination of a conscious motivational false belief and a contradictory unconscious real belief (von Hippel and Trivers, 2011).

What is self-deception in ethics?

In a wide sense, ‘self-deception’ refers to intentional activities and motivated processes of avoiding unpleasant truths or topics and the resulting mental states of ignorance, false belief, unwarranted attitudes, and inappropriate emotions.

How do you identify self-deception?

7 Signs You Are Lying To Yourself And You Don’t Know It

  1. Your emotions don’t match your words. …
  2. Your behavior doesn’t align with your proclamations. …
  3. You make extreme statements. …
  4. You feel inauthentic. …
  5. You are not open to input from others. …
  6. You are never wrong. …
  7. You find yourself in over your head.

What is another word for self-deception?

In this page you can discover 13 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for self-deception, like: self-delusion, self-deceit, solipsism, mystification, egotism, egoism, amorality, insincerity, fatalism, nihilism and self-centeredness.

Why is self-deception important?

Most relevant to the present research, self-deception can allow people to hold preferred beliefs, regardless of the truth. Whereas motivated reasoning describes the general process of maintaining preferred beliefs, self-deception is a special case.

What are the types of deception?

Six types of deception were examined, namely: omission, distortion, half-truths, blatant lies, white lies, and failed lies.

What can deception lead to?

Deception is a major relational transgression that often leads to feelings of betrayal and distrust between relational partners. Deception violates relational rules and is considered to be a negative violation of expectations.

Is there a name for someone who believes their own lies?

A pathological liar tells lies and stories that fall somewhere between conscious lying and delusion. They sometimes believe their own lies.

How do you treat self-deception?

These tips will help:

  1. Become a self-deception detective. …
  2. Identify your life purpose, values, and goals. …
  3. Be aware of your self-talk. …
  4. Get in touch with your passions. …
  5. Honor your strengths. …
  6. Stand up. …
  7. Simplify. …
  8. Take time to play.

What is the root of deception?

Deception occurs when you deceive, a word that comes from the Latin de- meaning “from” and capere, meaning “to take.” When you deceive someone, the result may be taking — like items you don’t really need from people willing to give them, believing they are helping you.

What is self-deception and how can it be explained?

Self-deception is a process of denying or rationalizing away the relevance, significance, or importance of opposing evidence and logical argument. Self-deception involves convincing oneself of a truth (or lack of truth) so that one does not reveal any self-knowledge of the deception.

What is the opposite of self-deception?

antonyms for self-deception
fact. reality. truth. accuracy. actuality.

What is it called when you lie to yourself?

Created with sketchtool. Self-Deception Has Its Benefits. Lying to yourself — or self-deception, as psychologists call it — actually has benefits sometimes.

What do you call someone who tells lies about you?

Definition: to act insincerely or deceitfully. Palter began as a word meaning “to mumble indistinctly,” and evolved to mean “to act insincerely or deceitfully,” “to use trickery,” or “to equivocate” by the time that Shakespeare used it in Julius Caesar: Romans, that have spoke the word, and will not palter.

Is self-deception intentional?

Intentionalists agree on the proposition that self-deception is intentional, but divide over whether it requires the holding of contradictory beliefs, and thus over the specific content of the alleged intention involved in self-deception.

What do we call a person who always lies?

Pathological liars tell compulsive lies without a clear motive. This type of lying is different than nonpathological lying, where the lie is often beneficial in some way.

What do you call someone who hides the truth?

liar Add to list Share. A liar is someone who doesn’t tell the truth. A liar tells lies. “Liar, liar, pants on fire,” a phrase of unknown origin, is a children’s jump-rope rhyme also used as a playground taunt.

What do you call someone who never tells a lie?

impartial. ingenuous. just. law-abiding. lay it on the line.