Who are some contemporary philosophers outside of the “new atheism” authors who have responded to Plantinga’s works?

Which philosopher was an atheist?

Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980): French existentialist philosopher, dramatist and novelist who declared that he had been an atheist from age twelve. Although he regarded God as a self-contradictory concept, he still thought of it as an ideal toward which people strive.

What percent of philosophers are atheist?

A 2014 survey by David Chalmers and David Bourget on nearly 1,000 professional philosophers from 99 leading departments of philosophy shows that 72.8% considered themselves as atheists, 14.6% considered themselves as theist, and 12.6% as something else.

Who was the first atheist philosopher?

The 5th-century BCE Greek philosopher Diagoras is known as the “first atheist”, and strongly criticized religion and mysticism. Epicurus was an early philosopher to dispute many religious beliefs, including the existence of an afterlife or a personal deity.

Are there philosophers who believe in God?

Some philosophers – not most but a significant minority, including members of the Society of Christian Philosophers – believe in God.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

Is Plato a atheist?

At the very end of his life, Plato returned to the traumatic topic of atheism. His very last work, The Laws, is an unusual work, a dialogue that—exceptionally—does not feature Socrates at all.

Who is the father of atheism?

J Existent.

What philosophers were religious?

This is a list of philosophers of religion.

  • Jesus.
  • Aristotle.
  • Peter Abelard.
  • Jacob Abendana.
  • Joseph ben Abraham.
  • Isaac Alfasi.
  • Jacob Anatoli.
  • Anselm of Canterbury.

Who are the Socratic philosophers?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.

Why did Socrates not fear death?

Socrates ultimately does not fear death because of his innocence, he believes that death is not feared because it may be one of the greatest blessings of the soul.

What did Aristotle think about death?

According to Aristotle, the dead are more blessed and happier than the living, and to die is to return to one’s real home.

Who said death is a dreamless sleep?

Socrates

“The dead have no sensation, or as they say it’s a migration of the soul from here to some other place,” Socrates asserted, and went on that if death is as sensationless as a dreamless sleep, then it would be a great benefit.

Was Plato afraid of death?

The fear of death is an ethical concern for Plato for two reasons. First, Plato, like most ancient ethicists, thinks the aim of a good life is achieving a harmonious soul, which is comprised of a coherent set of beliefs and desires that manifest themselves in action.

Was Socrates scared of death?

Socrates, on the other hand, was in a cracking good mood, because he insisted that for a true philosopher the day of death was a good one, that because he had lived his life in a good way, he had no fear of death.

What is death life?

A life that lacks any satisfaction or purpose; a living death.

Who said that there was no man wiser than Socrates?

Chaerephon

Early in Socrates’ defence speech, he explained that his friend Chaerephon went to the oracle of Delphi and asked whether there was anyone wiser than Socrates. The oracle told Chaerephon that no one is wiser than Socrates. Socrates was baffled by this news as he found it very hard to believe that he was the wisest man.

Did Plato know Socrates?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

Who is influenced by Socrates ideas?

But the two most important ancient schools of thought that were influenced by Socrates were Stoicism, founded by Zeno of Citium, and Skepticism, which became, for many centuries, the reigning philosophical stance of Plato’s Academy after Arcesilaus became its leader in 273 bce.

Which philosopher was quoted as saying the unexamined life is not worth living at the time of his execution?

Socrates said something before being put to death that would eventually be known as one of the most illustrious quotes throughout philosophy, which would seem to echo into the generations to come. Socrates said the “the unexamined life is not worth living” (Palmer, 33).

Is Socrates claim unexamined life is not worth living still relevant today?

Socrates was considered by many to be the wisest man in ancient Greece, his spoken words are still listened to and followed today. Meaning of – An unexamined life is not worth living. Through this statement, Socrates means that an unexamined human life is deprived of the meaning and purpose of existence.

Do you agree with Socrates that an unexamined life is not worth living?

Although Socrates’ advice is indeed not suitable for everyone and may not always lead to a life worth living, the act of examining one’s life is still essential for a meaningful life. With constant self-examination, one can repeat fewer mistakes from the past, making more conscious choices and more ethical decisions.