The prospective nature of positivism. Between the end of 1886 and the beginning of 1887, the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche notes in his private notebooks a lapidary thesis, asserting that “there are no facts, only interpretations”.
Where does Nietzsche say there are no facts only interpretations?
Against the positivist claim that there are only facts, Nietzsche replies: “No, facts is precisely what there is not, only interpretations” (WP § 481). The doctrine that there are no facts, only interpretations, Nietzsche sometimes calls ‘perspectivism’.
Who said there are no facts but interpretation?
What do you make of Nietzsche’s premise that “there are no facts, only interpretations”? This may be the most misunderstood thing Nietzsche ever wrote. Consider what Nietzsche says about facts in The Anti-Christ §59: “the sense for facts …
What is Nietzsche’s most famous quote?
Friedrich Nietzsche > Quotes
- “Without music, life would be a mistake.” …
- “It is not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages.” …
- “That which does not kill us makes us stronger.” …
- “I’m not upset that you lied to me, I’m upset that from now on I can’t believe you.”
Are interpretations fact?
Interpretation does not alter what a fact means (it is either raining outside, or it is not), but interpretation places the fact in a context and attempts to explain its significance. Interpretation helps provide a conclusion based on the fact or sometimes a reason for the fact.
Was Nietzsche a nihilist?
Summary. Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher’s nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche’s and only Kierkegaard’s and Sartre’s are as radical.
What did Nietzsche say about truth?
The concept “truth” is absurd. Thus, Nietzsche’s idea is that truth is something like a circular form of squares, namely, a quality that according to the nature of the thing to which it ostensibly applies cannot be fulfilled.
What Nietzsche book should I read first?
With Nietzsche, you could start with his first book, The Birth of Tragedy. This is both informative and readable (and short), and gives an insight into his entire project. Then you could cut to his late little books Ecce Homo and The Antichrist.
What is Nietzsche’s main philosophy?
Nietzsche’s moral philosophy is primarily critical in orientation: he attacks morality both for its commitment to untenable descriptive (metaphysical and empirical) claims about human agency, as well as for the deleterious impact of its distinctive norms and values on the flourishing of the highest types of human …
What was Nietzsche’s theory?
Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.
Who is the father of nihilism?
Nihilism has existed in one form or another for hundreds of years, but is usually associated with Friedrich Nietzsche, the 19th century German philosopher (and pessimist of choice for high school kids with undercuts) who proposed that existence is meaningless, moral codes worthless, and God is dead.
Is Nietzsche an absurdist?
Nietzsche argued that absurdity—and by extension, nihilism—followed from the collapse of Western metaphysics. On his account, metaphysics was an umbrella term, encompassing all of religion and traditional morality.
What book does Nietzsche talk about nihilism?
Though the problem of nihilism becomes especially explicit in Nietzsche’s notebooks (published posthumously), it is mentioned repeatedly in his published works and is closely connected to many of the problems mentioned there.
What is Nietzsche’s greatest book?
On the Genealogy of Morals, by Friedrich Nietzsche
Published shortly after Beyond Good & Evil in 1887, On the Genealogy of Morals is arguably Nietzsche’s masterpiece.
What is Nietzsche most famous work?
Nietzsche composed his most famous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, A Book for All and None from 1883–85. It is at once a manifesto of personal self-overcoming and a guide for others. 150,000 copies of the work were printed by the German government and issued with the Bible to young soldiers during WWI.
Is the Joker a nihilist?
Joker has a unique character and he is different from other villains in movies. While they committed crime based on personal revenge, economic fulfillment, Joker does it his own way. He does not obey rules, laws, or even morals. Based on those ideas, the writer includes Joker as a nihilist.
Who were famous nihilists?
While few philosophers would claim to be nihilists, nihilism is most often associated with Friedrich Nietzsche who argued that its corrosive effects would eventually destroy all moral, religious, and metaphysical convictions and precipitate the greatest crisis in human history.
What mental illness does the Joker have?
Dissociative Identity Disorder (incorrectly described as Multiple Personality Disorder) is often brought up as well, but the Joker has rarely shown other personalities like the split that defines Harvey Dent and Two-Face. But one medical diagnosis describes the Joker’s symptoms to a T: Witzelsucht.
What is the difference between nihilism and absurdism?
Nihilists, specifically passive nihilists, believe that there’s no intrinsic meaning in life and “it is futile to seek or to affirm meaning where none can be found”. That’s where the philosophy essentially ends. Absurdists, on the other hand, hesitantly allow the possibility for some meaning or value in life.
Was Jean Paul Sartre a nihilist?
Like Buddha, Jean-Paul Sartre cannot be properly be categorized as a nihilist, but did call his system of philosophy “Existentialism.” He defined his system as predicated on the idea that “existence precedes essence.”
Is existentialism and nihilism the same?
“Nihilism” is the belief that nothing matters. Existentialism is the attempt to confront and deal with meaninglessness…to not succumb to nihilism or despair: to not give up or avoid responsibility.
Who is the father of absurdism?
Albert Camus (1913-1960) was a French philosopher and novelist whose works examine the alienation inherent in modern life and who is best known for his philosophical concept of the absurd.
Does Camus believe in God?
Nevertheless, his philosophy explicitly rejects religion as one of its foundations. Not always taking an openly hostile posture towards religious belief—though he certainly does in the novels The Stranger and The Plague—Camus centers his work on choosing to live without God.
Do Absurdists believe in God?
I believe an absurdist can believe in a God, just as they can believe in any other value they wish, so long as they don’t make the mistake of believing that they are definitely correct.