Which authors have discussed death in philosophy?

What is the philosopher about death?

From another philosophical perspective, Epicurus, a Hellenistic philosopher, coined a famous argument about death: “Death is nothing to us. When we are, death is not come, and when death is come, we are not.”

What is Epicurus view on death?

Death, Epicurus argued, cannot touch us because “while we exist death is not present, and when death is present we no longer exist.” Since death cannot touch us it cannot be bad. Fear is rational only for something bad. So Epicurus concludes that fearing death is pointless.

What is death according to Socrates?

According to Socrates, true philosophers spend their entire lives preparing for death and dying, so it would be uniquely odd if they were to be sad when the moment of death finally arrived. Death, Socrates explains, is the separation of the soul from the body.

What is death according to Martin Heidegger?

For Heidegger death is a phenomenon of life that reveals the way in which a human being exists and what it means to be. He interprets death as a meaningful possibility by showing that death is an existential awareness of possible not-being.

What is death according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, the dead are more blessed and happier than the living, and to die is to return to one’s real home.

Did Plato believe in the afterlife?

In ancient Western philosophy, Plato affirmed both a pre-natal life of the soul and the soul’s continued life after the death of the body.

What was Socrates known for saying?

The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

What do philosophers say about life after death?

A good portion of philosophers believed that the body is mortal and the soul is immortal. Ever since Descartes in the seventeenth century, most philosophers have considered that the soul is identical to the mind, and, whenever a person dies, their mental contents survive in an incorporeal state.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.

Which is St Thomas Aquinas concept of self?

Aquinas is usually thought to have a theory of “indirect” self-knowledge, according to which the mind only knows itself in a second-order act that reflects on a first-order act directed toward extramental objects.

What is the self according to David Hume?

To Hume, the self is “that to which our several impressions and ideas are supposed to have a reference… If any impression gives rise to the idea of self, that impression must continue invariably the same through the whole course of our lives, since self is supposed to exist after that manner.

Does Hume believe in God?

I offer a reading of Hume’s writings on religion which preserves the many criticisms of established religion that he voiced, but also reveals that Hume believed in a genuine theism and a true religion. At the heart of this belief system is Hume’s affirmation that there is a god, although not a morally good.

What is self for Gilbert Ryle?

Moving on to Gilbert Ryle, “The self is the way people behave”. The self is basically our behavior. This concept provided the philosophical principle, “I act therefore I am”. In short, the self is the same as bodily behavior.