What’s the argument of Socrates in addressing Thrasymachus’ argument that the pursuit of self-interest or injustice pays better than that of justice?

What is Socrates argument against Thrasymachus?

Thrasymachus agrees to this, and also to Socrates’ claim that a craftsperson is wise and good, which makes sense at least with respect to the craft in question.
The Outdoing Argument (1.348b–350d)

Socrates: Do you call one of the two a virtue and the other a vice?
Thrasymachus: I certainly do. (1.348c–e)

How does Socrates refute Thrasymachus definition of justice?

Thrasymachus sings the praises of the art of rulership, which Thrasymachus sees as an expertise in advancing its possessor’s self-interest at the expense of the ruled. So Socrates tries to refute Thrasymachus by proving that it is justice rather than injustice that has the features of a genuine expertise. (

How does Socrates respond to Thrasymachus on the subject of justice?

When Thrasymachus first tells Socrates that justice is “the advantage of the stronger (Plato 1991, 338c),” Socrates responds that, according to this argument, everyone should eat beef if this is what is good for the strongest wrestler. Thrasymachus bursts out, “You are disgusting, Socrates.

What is Socrates argument that justice is more powerful than injustice?

Man’s virtue herein is his justice; it enables him to live well in harmony with others and to be happy. Only justice can bring happiness. Injustice at whatever level brings chaos, discord, unhappiness. In thus producing happiness, justice may be said to be more profitable than injustice.

Do you think Thrasymachus is convinced by Socrates that injustice can never pay better than justice?

Good one, Socrates. Besides, Socrates isn’t convinced by Thrasymachus’s reasoning; he doesn’t believe that injustice is more profitable than justice, and he wants Thrasymachus to prove his point. Thrasymachus says that if Socrates wasn’t persuaded already, he can’t say anything more to convince him.

How does Socrates refute Thrasymachus definition of justice quizlet?

What arguments does Socrates use to refute this definition? Thrasymachus defines justice as nothing more than the advantage of the stronger. Justice is the interest of the stronger. He asks if the art of something is superior to its’ own subject.

How does Thrasymachus define justice fully explain his challenge to Socrates who do you think better defends his position Socrates or Thrasymachus?

By declaring his views on justice, Thrasymachus asserts that those who act just or believe in justice are the ones at loss, as they receive no benefit. Justice according to him is solely for the ruler, who rules the city. Unlike Socrates, Thrasymachus claims that there is no advantage for the weaker to be just.

How does Socrates argue that it is good to be just?

Socrates also argues that the just life is more pleasurable than the unjust life. The view is not that pleasure is the good and that the just life is happier because it has more pleasure. Rather, the view is that the just life is happier and that it also has more pleasure than the unjust life.

What does Thrasymachus say about perfect justice and perfect injustice?

Thrasymachus makes three statements regarding justice: 1) justice is “nothing other than the advantage of the stronger” (338c); 2) justice is obeying the laws of the ruler(s) (339b); 3) justice is “really someone else’s good, the advantage of the man who is stronger and rules” (343c).

What exactly does Thrasymachus mean by the stronger in other words who is he referring to ?)?

The name Thrasymachus means fierce fighter, and this certainly represents the character of the same name, who appears in book one of Plato’s Republic. Thrasymachus enters Plato’s world with a statement designed to shock, stating that “justice is the advantage of the stronger”.

Why does Socrates believe it is more profitable to be just rather than unjust?

Socrates makes his point that money is not more valuable than the happiness that comes from living well. This means that, even though, the unjust can get more money and power in the expense of true happiness.

What does Thrasymachus mean when we says that justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger?

Thrasymachus was simply saying that, in making laws, the rulers kept or promoted their advantage – and that obeying laws was part and parcel of justice.

What does Socrates say about justice?

Socrates seeks to define justice as one of the cardinal human virtues, and he understands the virtues as states of the soul. So his account of what justice is depends upon his account of the human soul. According to the Republic, every human soul has three parts: reason, spirit, and appetite.

How did Thrasymachus define justice?

So Thrasymachus. must choose between two definitions of justice: as obeying the laws. whatever they are, and as obeying only those laws which further the. real interest of the stronger.