What would Kant say about an irrational person?

How does Kant describe a person?

In the Metaphysics of Morals (Metaphysics, from hereonin), Kant describes a person as “a subject whose actions can be imputed to him. Moral personality is therefore nothing other than the freedom of a rational being under moral laws” [8].

What did Kant believe about humans?

The great German philosopher Immanuel Kant thought that human beings occupy a-special place in creation. Of course he was not alone in thinking this. It is an old idea: from ancient times, humans have considered themselves to be essentially different from all other creatures-and not just different but better.

What is Kant’s main argument?

Kant argued that the moral law is a truth of reason, and hence that all rational creatures are bound by the same moral law. Thus in answer to the question, “What should I do?” Kant replies that we should act rationally, in accordance with a universal moral law.

What is Kant’s definition of rational?

In Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy, it is defined as the capacity of a rational being to act according to principles (i.e., according to the conception of laws). Unlike the ethical intuitionists (see intuitionism), Kant never held that practical reason intuits the rightness of particular actions or moral principles.

How does Kant distinguish between treating someone as a means and treating someone merely as a means?

Kant holds that if someone treats another merely as a means, the person acts wrongly, that is, does something morally impermissible. Some accounts of treating others merely as means seem not to yield the conclusion that if a person treats another in this way, then he acts wrongly.

What would a Kantian recommend?

Kant believed that the shared ability of humans to reason should be the basis of morality, and that it is the ability to reason that makes humans morally significant. He, therefore, believed that all humans should have the right to common dignity and respect.

What is an example of Kantian ethics?

For example, if you hide an innocent person from violent criminals in order to protect his life, and the criminals come to your door asking if the person is with you, what should you do? Kantianism would have you tell the truth, even if it results in harm coming to the innocent person.

What is Kant’s strategy?

Kant’ strategy is to establish a theory of mental processing, synthesis, by arguing that its truth is a necessary condition for the truth of such a premise, and then to show that the a priori concepts at issue – the categories – have an essential role in this sort of mental processing.

What does Kant mean by treating someone as an end in themselves?

To treat someone as an end in him or herself requires in the first place that one not use him or her as mere means, that one respect each as a rational person with his or her own maxims. But beyond that, one may also seek to foster others’ plans and maxims by sharing some of their ends.

What is the only thing Kant takes to be good without limitation?

the good will

Kant says that the good will is the only thing “good without limitation” (ohne Einschränkung).