What were the historical interpretations of Aristotle’s definition of validity/logical consequence?

What is Aristotle’s definition of logic?

For Aristotle, then, logic is the instrument (the “organon”) by means of which we come to know anything. He proposed as formal rules for correct reasoning the basic principles of the categorical logic that was universally accepted by Western philosophers until the nineteenth century.

What is the meaning of logical consequence?

noun. the relation that obtains between the conclusion and the premises of a formally valid argument.

What are the two parts of a logical argument Aristotle?

We can define a syllogism, in relation to its logical form, as an argument made up of three categorical propositions, two premises (which set out the evidence), and a conclusion (that follows logically from the premises).

What was Aristotle contribution to logic?

As the father of western logic, Aristotle was the first to develop a formal system for reasoning. He observed that the deductive validity of any argument can be determined by its structure rather than its content, for example, in the syllogism: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.

How did Aristotle create logic?

Aristotle was the first logician to attempt a systematic analysis of logical syntax, of noun (or term), and of verb. He was the first formal logician, in that he demonstrated the principles of reasoning by employing variables to show the underlying logical form of an argument.

What are examples of logical consequences?

For example, their bike gets left outside and is stolen (parents refusing to replace bike, child having to save money for replacement is a logical consequence as child is not demonstrating responsibility.)

How do you find the logical consequence?

We can say that a conclusion a is a logical consequence of a set of premises. Gamma. Just in case so here gamma is supposed to be a set of sentences right. So a is a logical consequence of gamma.

Why are logical consequences different from punishment?

Logical consequences are respectful of the child’s dignity while punishment often calls upon an element of shame. Logical consequences respond to the misbehavior in ways that preserve the dignity of the child. The message is that the behavior is a problem, not that the child is a problem.

Why are logical consequences effective quizlet?

Why are logical consequences effective? They are fair and reasonable. Which type of parenting advocates a balanced and positive approach? Logical consequences happen naturally and are not imposed by adults.

What are the 3 R’s of logical consequences?

Logical consequences are structured using the three R’s (Related, Respectful, Reasonable) and the big E (Empathy): Related: The logical consequence should have a cause-and-effect relationship to the child’s behavior. It should be related back to safety or helpfulness.

What is the difference between natural consequences and logical consequences?

A natural consequence is a result of something the child does. On the other hand, a logical consequence is predetermined by the parents, explained to the child and is still an outcome of the child’s choice. Natural and logical consequences come after the choices children make and are a product of their decisions.

Why are logical consequences different from punishment quizlet?

How do logical consequences differ from punishment? The answer or the solution you’re providing imposed is a logical extension of the misbehavior. The redress or the solution to the problem is it has to be related to the misbehavior.

What are the two types of consequences?

There are two types of consequences: positive (sometimes called pleasant) and negative (sometimes called aversive). These can be added to or taken away from the environment in order to change the probability of a given response occurring again.

Do logical consequences occur naturally?

Logical consequences don’t occur naturally from a behavior, like getting cold if you go outside without a coat, but they are still connected to your child’s behavior. You create or impose logical consequences for your child based on what they are doing.

What are examples of logical consequences in the classroom?

examples of the language of logical consequences in the classroom

  • “We will continue reading our book when you are sitting.”
  • “When you hit my head, it hurt me and now I want to stop the game.”
  • “Keep jumping until I stay Stop. …
  • “Since you made the signal, I know you want to use the bathroom.”

What is the purpose of consequences?

A consequence is the result or direct effect of an action. The goal for giving consequences is to teach a lesson that leads the child to make positive choices.

How do you explain natural consequences?

Natural consequences are those things that happen in response to your child’s behavior without parental involvement. These are imposed by nature, society, or another person. You do not actually deliver a natural consequence yourself.

What are the three types of consequences?

There are three types of consequences: natural, logical, and problem-solving:

  • Natural: Require no prearranged adult planning or control; are the most powerful motivator for children to learn a new skill. …
  • Logical: Are prearranged by adults and motivate children to use skills they already have.

What are the four types of consequences?

There are four quadrants of consequences. They are Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Punishment and Negative Punishment.

How do you explain consequences?

A consequence is what happens immediately after a behavior. Consequences can be both positive and negative. Positive consequences show your child she has done something you like. Your child is more likely to repeat the behavior when you use positive consequences.

How are consequences important to learning?

Whether they are natural or logical, consequences help us all to learn and grow. When kids experience the results of their actions, they learn to make better choices and improve their behaviors. In short, consequences = learning.

Do consequences change behavior?

Consequences are in fact a way of controlling your child’s behaviour so that he will act and do what you want. So, you ask, why is this a problem? The simple answer is consequences rarely work.

What words are related to consequence?


  • aftereffect,
  • aftermath,
  • backwash,
  • child,
  • conclusion,
  • corollary,
  • development,
  • effect,

What does the word consequence mean in the context of the passage?

the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier: The accident was the consequence of reckless driving. an act or instance of following something as an effect, result, or outcome. the conclusion reached by a line of reasoning; inference.

What is the root of consequence?

late 14c., “logical inference, conclusion,” from Old French consequence “result” (13c., Modern French conséquence), from Latin consequentia, abstract noun from present-participle stem of consequi “to follow after,” from assimilated form of com “with, together” (see con-) + sequi “to follow” (from PIE root *sekw- (1) ” …

Is consequence always negative?

Consequences can be positive or negative. Positive consequences reinforce behaviour and make it more likely to happen again. Positive consequences include positive attention and praise and rewards for good behaviour.

What is the difference between punishment and consequence?

There is a difference between consequences and punishments. Punishment is a behavior that inflicts emotional or physical pain on a child. It is used as a means of coercion to get your child to behave well or to do what you want. On the other hand, consequences are a result of a behavior, whether positive or negative.

Do all actions have consequences?

Everything we think and say and do has consequences for ourselves and for others. Like ripples on a pond our actions spread out and affect others because everything is interconnected. And we need to remember that our actions are irreversible.