- some basic knowledge of Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology;
- some basic knowledge of the Christian doctrine and of oriental philosophy/religion;
- Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, or its popular summary (by Kant himself): Prolegomena to any future metaphysics;
- Kant’s Groundings for the metaphysics of morals;
Is The World as Will and Representation easy to read?
There are a few difficult essays, but most are very accessible. You can find an excellent two volume English translation by E. F. Payne. The World as Will and Idea is far more difficult, and assumes an extensive background in philosophy.
What should I read before Kant?
So to understand Kant at more than a superficial level you need some acquaintance with the two traditions : the traditions of Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz (Rationalists) and of Locke, Berkeley and Hume (Empiricists).
Can you read Schopenhauer without Kant?
Erjon 7 In fact Schopenhauer starts his Philosophy where Kant left it, so on ‘the thing in itself’ But you don’t need to read Kant first to read the “World as will and rapresantation” MAybe you just have to know Kant’s main ideas but that’s all.
How long is the world as will and representation?
11 hours and 34 minutes
1. The average reader will spend 11 hours and 34 minutes reading this book at 250 WPM (words per minute).
What is Arthur Schopenhauer’s basic idea in his book The World as Will and Idea?
Schopenhauer’s philosophy holds that all nature, including man, is the expression of an insatiable will. It is through the will, the in-itself of all existence, that humans find all their suffering. Desire for more is what causes this suffering.
What is will and Representation summary?
According to Schopenhauer, the world is will to the extent that all ideas are a manifestation of the will. The will is not an idea or a representation, but a thing in itself. The will is the underlying reality of the world, with the aim that all phenomena depend on it.
How do I start reading Kant?
You might start with the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (on metaphysics and epistemology) and Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (on ethics). Those are difficult, but they are more accessible than the three critiques.
Who should I read before Heidegger?
As you read through the above, I would suggest the following order for Heidegger’s own works:
- Heidegger, Martin, Basic Problems of Phenomenology, Albert Hofstadter, trans. …
- …, Being and Time, John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson, trans.
Who should I read before Descartes?
If you have to read Descartes before Kant, and Aristotle before Descartes, and so on, you will have been lost or sidetracked before you ever reached the people like Nietzsche and Kierkegaard who first drew your attention. Demanding a strict chronological reading list is impractical.
How does Schopenhauer explain about the will?
According to Schopenhauer, corresponding to the level of the universal subject-object distinction, Will is immediately objectified into a set of universal objects or Platonic Ideas. These constitute the timeless patterns for each of the individual things that we experience in space and time.
What did Arthur Schopenhauer believe?
Schopenhauer argues that the ability to transcend the everyday point of view and regard objects of nature aesthetically is not available to most human beings. Rather, the ability to regard nature aesthetically is the hallmark of the genius, and Schopenhauer describes the content of art through an examination of genius.
What did Schopenhauer read?
Schopenhauer read the Latin translation and praised the Upanishads in his main work, The World as Will and Representation (1819), as well as in his Parerga and Paralipomena (1851), and commented, In the whole world there is no study so beneficial and so elevating as that of the Upanishads.
When should we read according to Schopenhauer?
Any kind of important book should immediately be read twice, partly because one grasps the matter in its entirety the second time, and only really understands the beginning when the end is known; and partly because in reading it the second time one’s temper and mood are different, so that one gets another impression; …
What was Schopenhauer known for?
Arthur Schopenhauer has been dubbed the artist’s philosopher on account of the inspiration his aesthetics has provided to artists of all stripes. He is also known as the philosopher of pessimism, as he articulated a worldview that challenges the value of existence.
Does Schopenhauer believe in God?
In Berkeley’s idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist.
How does Schopenhauer think one should regard the world?
This precipitates a position that characterizes the inner aspect of things, as far as we can describe it, as Will. Hence, Schopenhauer regards the world as a whole as having two sides: the world is Will and the world is representation.
Who is the darkest philosopher?
The philosopher with one of the darkest views of existence that ever lived, Philipp Mainländer was born in Germany to well-off parents and even worked in banking for a period of time. Although initially inspired by Schopenhauer’s philosophy, he would end up vastly surpassing the former’s pessimism.
Was Nietzsche a nihilist?
Nietzsche could be categorized as a nihilist in the descriptive sense that he believed that there was no longer any real substance to traditional social, political, moral, and religious values. He denied that those values had any objective validity or that they imposed any binding obligations upon us.
Where does the will to live come from?
The will to live or Wille zum Leben is a concept developed by the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, Will being an irrational “blind incessant impulse without knowledge” that drives instinctive behaviors, causing an endless insatiable striving in human existence, which Nature could not exist without.
What was Nietzsche’s theory?
Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.
What was Nietzsche’s main point?
As the title of one of his books suggests, Nietzsche seeks to find a place “beyond good and evil.” One of Nietzsche’s fundamental achievements is to expose the psychological underpinnings of morality. He shows that our values are not themselves fixed and objective but rather express a certain attitude toward life.
What are Nietzsche’s three most important ideas?
NIETZSCHE: The Eternal Recurrence
In Nietzsche’s book Thus Spoke Zarathustra, there are three major teachings Zarathustra has to offer: the Will to Power, the conception of the Eternal Recurrence and the advocacy of the Overman.
Did Nietzsche believe in free will?
Power of will
In Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche criticizes the concept of free will both negatively and positively. He calls it a folly resulting from extravagant pride of man; and calls the idea a crass stupidity.
How do you become a nihilist?
Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy.
Do nihilists believe free will?
This is in opposition to nihilism because nihilism rejects both free will and the acceptance that meaning can be created. Modern philosophers often espouse beliefs from both philosophies or suggest another that encompasses both, such as Albert Camus (1913-1960) who posited a related philosophy called absurdism.