What is Csikszentmihalyi’s flow theory?
According to flow theory, flow experience occurs when skills are neither overmatched nor underutilized to meet a given challenge (Csikszentmihalyi, 1997). The balance of challenge and skill is very delicate; both must become more complex in order to sustain the feeling of flow.
What is incentive theory?
Rather than focusing on more intrinsic forces behind motivation, the incentive theory proposes that people are pulled toward behaviors that lead to rewards and pushed away from actions that might lead to negative consequences.
What is intrinsic motivation theory?
Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is naturally satisfying to you.
What is intrinsic and extrinsic motivation theory?
Intrinsic motivation comes from within, while extrinsic motivation arises from outside. When you’re intrinsically motivated, you engage in an activity solely because you enjoy it and get personal satisfaction from it. When you’re extrinsically motivated, you do something in order to gain an external reward.
What is Flowstate gaming?
Flow during video gaming is an optimal mental state characterized by deep absorption during challenging tasks. Flow states induce a loss of sense of self and time and can reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.
What does autotelic experience mean?
An autotelic activity is one we do for its own sake because to experience it is the main goal. [ ] Applied to personality, autotelic denotes an individual who generally does things for their own sake, rather than in order to achieve some later external goal” (Csikszentmihalyi, 1997, p. 117).
What is arousal theory?
According to the arousal theory of motivation, each person has a unique arousal level that is right for them. When our arousal levels drop below these personalized optimal levels, we seek some sort of stimulation to elevate them.
What is the drive theory of motivation?
According to the drive theory of motivation, people are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs. For example, you might be motivated to drink a glass of water in order to reduce the internal state of thirst.
What is the evolutionary theory of motivation?
Evolutionary Theory of Motivation. According to evolutionary psychology, individuals are motivated to engage in behaviors that maximize their genetic fitness.
What does it mean to be extrinsically motivated?
Extrinsic motivation involves completing a task or exhibiting a behavior because of outside causes such as avoiding punishment or receiving a reward. The main difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is that intrinsic motivation comes from within, and extrinsic motivation comes from outside.
What is a synonym for intrinsic motivation?
instigation incitement inducement persuasion impulse spur reason incentive motivation.
Who defined intrinsic motivation?
According to Ryan and Deci (2000) (pp. 56), Intrinsic motivation is defined as the doing of an activity for its inherent satisfaction rather than for some separable consequence.
Who created SDT theory?
Self-determination theory grew out of the work of psychologists Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, who first introduced their ideas in their 1985 book Self-Determination and Intrinsic Motivation in Human Behavior.
What is Self-Determination Theory?
Psychological Needs. Self-determination theory suggests that all humans have three basic psychological needs—autonomy, competence, and relatedness—that underlie growth and development. Autonomy refers to feeling one has choice and is willingly endorsing one’s behavior.
What is Deci and Ryan’s Self-Determination Theory?
Deci and Ryan developed the Self-Determination Theory of motivation, toppling the dominant belief that the best way to get human beings to perform tasks is to reinforce their behavior with rewards.
What is Self-Determination Theory SDT & why does it matter?
The main idea of self-determination theory is that when individuals (such as employees in a company) feel that their basic needs are reasonably well met, they tend to perceive their actions to be intrinsically motivated or self-determined, and this will raise the quality of their performance.
What type of theory is Self-Determination Theory?
Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro theory of human motivation and personality that concerns people’s innate growth tendencies and innate psychological needs. It pertains to the motivation behind people’s choices in the absence of external influences and distractions.