What theorist did a study with monkeys on attachment?
Harlow (1958 wanted to study the mechanisms by which newborn rhesus monkeys bond with their mothers.
What is Harlow’s attachment research?
Harlow was interested in the infants’ attachment to the cloth diapers, speculating that the soft material may simulate the comfort provided by a mother’s touch. Based on this observation, Harlow designed his now-famous surrogate mother experiment.
Is attachment theory evidence based?
And yet, half a century later, people still subscribe to attachment theory despite ample evidence that social class, temperament, and culture are much more accurate predictors of future outcomes.
Do Harlow’s findings support Bowlby’s theory?
In constructing his new theory on the nature of the bond between children and their caregivers, Bowlby profited highly from Harlow’s experimental work with rhesus monkeys. Harlow in his turn was influenced and inspired by Bowlby’s new thinking.
How did John Bowlby view a secure base?
Bowlby suggested that a child would initially form only one primary attachment (monotropy) and that the attachment figure acted as a secure base for exploring the world.
What is Ainsworth attachment theory?
Ainsworth’s maternal sensitivity hypothesis argues that a child’s attachment style is dependent on the behavior their mother shows towards them. ‘Sensitive’ mothers are responsive to the child’s needs and respond to their moods and feelings correctly.
What was Harry Harlow’s research?
Harlow’s classic series of experiments were conducted between 1957 and 1963 and involved separating young rhesus monkeys from their mothers shortly after birth. The infant monkeys were instead raised by surrogate wire monkey mothers.
How might Harlow’s research apply to human children and attachment?
Harlow’s research supported the importance of bonding between the mother/caregiver and the child. Baby monkeys who were not shown affection or could not cuddle with the cloth mother had trouble gaining weight thus leading reserachers to believe that affection has a large impact on a child’s development.
What did Bowlby propose about attachment?
Attachment is an emotional bond with another person. Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. He suggested that attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child’s chances of survival.
What is the Bowlby attachment theory?
Bowlby defined attachment as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings.” His ethological theory of attachment suggests that infants have an innate need to form an attachment bond with a caregiver.
How did Ainsworth’s research relate to Harlow’s research?
Therefore, a difference between the two sets of work on attachment is that the work by Harlow studied attachment of monkeys whereas Ainsworth conducted studies on the attachment of humans. Furthermore, the means through which these two researchers investigated the phenomenon of attachment is highly different.
What was Bowlby and Harlow innovation?
Building on the work of Harlow and others, John Bowlby developed the concept of attachment theory. He defined attachment as the affectional bond or tie that infants form with their mother. An infant must form this bond with a primary caregiver in order to have normal social and emotional development.