What is the ontological status of Plato’s Demiurge?

What is the Demiurge Plato?

Plato used the term in the dialog Timaeus, an exposition of cosmology in which the Demiurge is the agent who takes the preexisting materials of chaos, arranges them according to the models of eternal forms, and produces all the physical things of the world, including human bodies.

What is the Demiurge in Plato’s Timaeus?

In the Timaeus Plato marks out as one of the central components of his cosmology a god who is unique and rational and who is described essentially as a craftsman, and indeed who is typically referred to simply as the Craftsman or Demiurge.

What does Plato say about universe?

The universe, or Cosmos, is a living being endowed with a soul (30C f.). The Cosmos was fashioned from a pre-existing chaos by a Divine Craftsman, the Demiurge, using the Forms as models for sensible objects (29D f.). Plato does not say what, if anything produced the Demiurge or the chaos.

Why did the Demiurge create the cosmos?

The eternal creator (the “demiurge” or master craftsman) wanted to make the world like himself, because he is good and wants the world to be good like him.

What does the Demiurge want?

Plato and the Timaeus

Timaeus describes the Demiurge as unreservedly benevolent, and so it desires a world as good as possible.

Is Zeus the Demiurge?

A demiurge god is defined as “the creator god of the world at the beginning of a set of religious myths.” For example, in the Christian, Egyptian, and Scandinavian religions, Ra, God, and Odin are demiurges. On the other hand, Zeus is not a demiurge because he did not create the Greek Universe.

What Plato thinks about God?

To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material.

How many levels of reality did Plato accept?

four levels

Plato believed that there were four levels or approaches to knowledge and genuine understanding. They are illustrated in the REPUBLIC in the allegory of the cave and in the divided line.

Who created the world according to Plato?

The Demiurge (Creator)

Literally, “craftsman.” The creator of Plato’s physical world is not a divine intelligence or a personal ruler, but (as it were) a manual laborer. Cf. Vlastos, Plato’s Universe (pp. 26-27):

What is the opposite of the Demiurge?

Opposite of subordinate deity who is the creator of the world in Platonic and Gnostic belief. destroyer. human being. mortal. person.

Who is the Demiurge in the Bible?

The inferior God created by Sophia’s desire, also referred to as the Demiurge, is the Creator God of the Old Testament. Due to his inferiority, he is not seen as good but rather an evil, angry, violent God.

What race is Demiurge?

Personality. Since he is a demon, Demiurge is considered to be one of the cruelest members in Nazarick, taking great joy in the suffering of other races.

Is Demiurge a villain?

Type of Villain

As the maker of the physical world, the Demiurge is obsessed with physical things and its own power, seeking to keep humanity from entering the spiritual realm and thus escaping its rule.

Who is the Supreme Being in Gnosticism?

the Monad

In some gnostic systems, the Supreme Being is known as the Monad, the One, the Absolute, Aiōn Teleos (the Perfect Aeon, αἰών τέλεος), Bythos (Depth or Profundity, Βυθός), Proarchē (Before the Beginning, προαρχή), Hē Archē (The Beginning, ἡ ἀρχή), the Ineffable Parent, and/or the primal Father.