What is “the Nietzschean criterion” in Camus’ “The Myth of Sisyphus”?

What was Nietzsche’s main point?

As the title of one of his books suggests, Nietzsche seeks to find a place “beyond good and evil.” One of Nietzsche’s fundamental achievements is to expose the psychological underpinnings of morality. He shows that our values are not themselves fixed and objective but rather express a certain attitude toward life.

What was Nietzsche’s theory?

Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.

What is the will to power in Nietzschean philosophy?

Nietzsche is saying here that Will to Power is a force, which does not need another force to make it act. When we look at a normal external force, we generally see it as a thing that makes an event happen. For example, if someone opens a beer in my presence, they force me to have a drink with them.

What does Camus say about Nietzsche?

According to Camus, Nietzsche, in grasping the death of transcendence, lost his equilibrium and ended by divinising the world, making it a world ofabsolute necessity and in turn necessitating its absolute acceptance.

What is Nietzsche’s most famous quote?

Friedrich Nietzsche > Quotes

  • “Without music, life would be a mistake.” …
  • “It is not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages.” …
  • “That which does not kill us makes us stronger.” …
  • “I’m not upset that you lied to me, I’m upset that from now on I can’t believe you.”

What is a simple explanation of Nietzsche’s ideas and philosophy?

Nietzsche believed that people should be stronger than that. He thought that people should be very aware of their body and of the real world in which they actually live. He told his readers not to live in a daydream or make decisions based on unrealistic thoughts.

Was Nietzsche a nihilist?

Nietzsche could be categorized as a nihilist in the descriptive sense that he believed that there was no longer any real substance to traditional social, political, moral, and religious values. He denied that those values had any objective validity or that they imposed any binding obligations upon us.

What was Nietzsche religion?

And while many simply regard Nietzsche as an atheist, Young does not view Nietzsche as a non-believer, radical individualist, or immoralist, but as a nineteenth-century religious reformer belonging to a German Volkish tradition of conservative com- munitarianism.

Is Nietzsche an existentialist?

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche were two of the first philosophers considered fundamental to the existentialist movement, though neither used the term “existentialism” and it is unclear whether they would have supported the existentialism of the 20th century.

Do Existentialists believe in God?

Existentialism can be atheistic, theological (or theistic) or agnostic. Some Existentialists, like Nietzsche, proclaimed that “God is dead” and that the concept of God is obsolete. Others, like Kierkegaard, were intensely religious, even if they did not feel able to justify it.

Who is the father of existentialism?

Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) as an Existentialist Philosopher. Kierkegaard was many things: philosopher, religious writer, satirist, psychologist, journalist, literary critic and generally considered the ‘father’ of existentialism.

What is Nietzsche’s major issue with Christianity?

Nietzsche’s case against Christianity was that it kept people down; that it smothered them with morality and self-loathing. His ideal human is one who is free to express himself (yes, he’s sexist), like a great artist or a Viking warrior. Morality is for the little people.

What did Friedrich Nietzsche say about God?

Nietzsche’s complete statement is: God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him.

Did Nietzsche read the Bible?

Nietzsche as a Young Reader Under Instruction
As the only descendant of two dynasties of Protestant ministers, Nietzsche learned to read from the Bible, in Luther’s translation, which he inherited from his father and used for the rest of his life.