What is the difference between eternalism and the B theory of time?

It is a very legalistic distinction in that A/B theories regulate which claims can be legitimately made about time, while presentism/eternalism are concerned with the nature of time itself.

What is the difference between a theory and B theory?

According to this explanation, it is possible to identify two different theories: a B-theory is a theory which reduces A-facts (facts about the A-properties of objects and events) to B-facts (facts about the B-properties of objects and events), while an A-theory is a theory which reduces B-facts to A-facts (Ney, 2014: …

What is the difference between a series and B series?

An important difference between the two series is that while events continuously change their position in the A series, their position in the B series does not. If an event ever is earlier than some events and later than the rest, it is always earlier than and later than those very events.

What are the two theories of time?

The first is the Static Theory of Time, according to which time is like space, and there is no such thing as the passage of time; and the second is the Dynamic Theory of Time, according to which time is very different from space, and the passage of time is a real phenomenon.

What is AB theory of time?

B-theorists argue that the flow of time is only a subjective illusion of human consciousness, that the past, present, and future are equally real, and that time is tenseless: temporal becoming is not an objective feature of reality.

What did Stephen Hawking say about time?

No creator. One of the questions cosmologists get asked most often is “what happened before the Big Bang?” Hawking’s own view was that the question is meaningless. To all intents and purposes, time itself — as well as the universe and everything in it — began at the Big Bang.

What Is A series and B series philosophy?

The A series: the series of positions which runs from the far past through the. present, and then from the present through the near future to the far. future. The B series: the series of positions which runs from earlier to later. The intuitive difference is one of perspective.

Who created the theory of time?

Aristotle proposed what has come to be called the relational theory of time when he said, “there is no time apart from change….” (Physics, chapter 11).

What did Plato say about time?

Plato clearly says that time is the wanderings of these bodies – their movement – and not a kind of number that measures such movement. Abstracting time from motion was an innovation of Aristotle’s. For Plato, time just is celestial motion. Note that time applies, strictly speaking, only to the realm of becoming.

How does Aristotle define time?

Aristotle claims that time is not a kind of change, but that it is something dependent on change. He defines it as a kind of ‘number of change’ with respect to the before and after. It is argued that this means that time is a kind of order (not, as is commonly supposed, that it is a kind of measure).

What is Stephen Hawking’s theory?

In 1974 Hawking proposed that, in accordance with the predictions of quantum theory, black holes emit subatomic particles until they exhaust their energy and finally explode.

What is Stephen Hawking IQ level?

Professor Stephen Hawking never revealed his IQ, however it’s widely believed to have been 160. This high score falls in the genius category, with 0.003% of people scoring that high.

Was Stephen Hawking happy?

Happy and paralyzed:

I’m happier now than before I developed the condition. I am lucky to be working in theoretical physics, one of the few areas in which disability is not a serious handicap.” Stephen Hawkins, NYT interview.

Was Stephen Hawking smart?

Stephen Hawking, seen by many as the world’s smartest person, never revealed his IQ score. It’s not even known if he took an IQ test. Hawking, a renowned theoretical physicist, died at the age of 76 on March 14 2018.

When did Stephen Hawking lose his voice?


In 1985, Stephen Hawking had a life-saving tracheostomy that took away his natural speaking voice. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease or motor neurone disease (MND), had already caused his speech to slur and affected his ability to move.

How did Stephen Hawking get paralyzed?

Hawking authored numerous books throughout his career and gave guest lectures around the world despite being paralyzed from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s Disease. His perseverance and humor resonated with fans as much as his work.

Is als a painful death?

There is no reason that people with ALS have to live in pain. Although only a limited number of people with ALS experience pain, the thought of living with constant pain can be frightening. The disease itself does not cause pain.

Why did Stephen Hawking not get a Nobel Prize?

Hawking would not be the first scientist to have died too soon for a possible Nobel Prize.

Did Einstein win Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1921 was awarded to Albert Einstein “for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.” Albert Einstein received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1922.

Did Stephen Hawking meet the Queen?

In May 2006, he was a guest at the ”Serving Beyond Sixty” reception the Queen hosted at her London residence to celebrate the achievements of high profile figures contributing to public life in their seventh decade and beyond. Stephen Hawking, then 64, met the Monarch in the Music Room of the Palace.

Who discovered black holes Stephen Hawking?

Dr. Hawking is best known for his discovery that black holes emit radiation which can be detected by special instrumentation. His discovery has made the detailed study of black holes possible. Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942.

Can a wormhole exist?

Einstein’s theory of general relativity mathematically predicts the existence of wormholes, but none have been discovered to date. A negative mass wormhole might be spotted by the way its gravity affects light that passes by.

Is time travel possible Stephen Hawking?

And, as physicist Stephen Hawking pointed out in his book “Black Holes and Baby Universes” (Bantam, 1994), “The best evidence we have that time travel is not possible, and never will be, is that we have not been invaded by hordes of tourists from the future.”