What is Quine’s response to Parmenides’s argument against change?

What are Parmenides arguments for the impossibility of change?

Parmenides claimed that nothing could come from nothing and so existence was uncreated and eternal and what people interpreted as “change” in life was an illusion.

What does Plato say about change?

Plato said that real things (Forms) don’t change, and restricted change to the realm of appearances—the physical world. Parmenides went farther still, denying the existence of change altogether.

What does Aristotle say about Parmenides?

In chapter three of Physics I, after having exposed the “patent fallacies” of Melissus, Aristotle says that Parmenides “assumes what is not true and infers what does not follow. His false assumption is that things are said to be in one way only, when they are said to be in many” (186a22—26).

What are Parmenides doctrines concerning change and the world of being?

Parmenides held that the multiplicity of existing things, their changing forms and motion, are but an appearance of a single eternal reality (“Being”), thus giving rise to the Parmenidean principle that “all is one.” From this concept of Being, he went on to say that all claims of change or of non-Being are illogical.

What did Heraclitus say about change?

The Only Constant in Life Is Change.”- Heraclitus.

What is Aristotle’s answer to the problem of change?

Aristotle says that change is the actualizing of a potentiality of the subject. That actualization is the composition of the form of the thing that comes to be with the subject of change. Another way to speak of change is to say that F comes to be F from what is not-F.

Who disagreed with Parmenides?

Among the pre-Socratic philosophers, there are two who often contradicted each other: Heraclitus and Parmenides.

What truth does Parmenides reveal?

In his poem, Parmenides prescribes two views of reality. In “the way of truth” (a part of the poem), he explains how all reality is one, change is impossible, and existence is timeless, uniform, and necessary.

Notable ideas Monism Being Aletheia
Influences Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Pythagoreanism

What is Heraclitus theory?

Heraclitus asserted that the world exists as a coherent system in which a change in one direction is ultimately balanced by a corresponding change in another.

Do you agree with Heraclitus statement that the only thing that is constant is change?

We all face changes every day – whether it is a simple change in the weather, our schedule or expected change of seasons. Change affects us all and we each deal with change differently. This only constant in life, the only thing we can be sure will happen.

What is the main teaching of Heraclitus?

The Doctrine of Flux and the Unity of Opposites

According to both Plato and Aristotle, Heraclitus held extreme views that led to logical incoherence. For he held that (1) everything is constantly changing and (2) opposite things are identical, so that (3) everything is and is not at the same time.

What is anaximander’s conclusion?

When considering the underlying foundation of the universe, Anaximander came to the conclusion that this world has the capacity for infinite plurality; meaning that the things within our universe are unique.

What is Heraclitus unity of opposites?

According to Heraclitus, everything is in constant flux, and every changing object contains at least one pair of opposites (though not necessarily simultaneously) and every pair of opposites is contained in at least one object.

What is the first principle of Heraclitus?

Fire plays a central role in Heraclitus. He calls the entire cosmos “an ever-living fire” (B30). Fire is his first principle; all things are exchanged for fire and fire for all things (B90). Fire changes into various other elements in a cosmic cycle, although the details of this cycle are unclear.

What did Heraclitus mean when he said you can never step twice in the same river?

One reading of Heraclitus has him conveying a mystical message. We use this one word, river, to talk about something that’s in constant flux, and that might dispose us to think that things are more fixed than they are – indeed, to think that there are stable things at all.

What does Heraclitus mean by his saying that it is impossible for a man to step into the same river twice because it may never be the same river for the same man?

Heraclitus said that no man steps in the same river twice. What does that mean? And how does going back to the river improve our lives? If you’ve come across something that changed your life, you should return to it.

What is the world really made up of according to Heraclitus?


Heraclitus believed the world is ultimately made of fire. He also believed in a unity of opposites and harmony in the world.

What was Heraclitus known for?

Although his words are meant to provide concrete vicarious encounters with the world, Heraclitus adheres to some abstract principles which govern the world. Already in antiquity he was famous for advocating the coincidence of opposites, the flux doctrine, and his view that fire is the source and nature of all things.

Which philosopher said the only constant is change?


As the Greek philosopher, Heraclitus, said: “change is the only constant.” Well, Heraclitus would have been amazed if he were able to look around today.