Transcendental phenomenology (TPh), largely developed by Husserl, is a philosophical approach to qualitative research methodology seeking to understand human experience (Moustakas, 1994).
What does Husserl mean by transcendental?
Husserl often used the words “transcendental” and “phenomenology” interchangeably to describe the special method of the eidetic reduction by means of which the phenomena are described.
What is transcendental reduction in phenomenology?
Abstract. The transcendental phenomenological reduction is described as the transition from thinking to reflection, Which involves a change of attitude. Schmitt elaborates what it means to “bracket the objective world” and to suspend judgement.
What is the difference between hermeneutic phenomenology and Transcendental Phenomenology?
With Transcendental Phenomenology the researcher seeks to obtain an unbiased description of the raw data. As such, the researcher brackets his or her personal bias. With Hermeneutic Phenomenology, the researchers opinions are important as the researcher seeks to interpret the descriptions and to co construct meaning.
What is Husserl’s phenomenological method?
For Husserl, the phenomenological reduction is the method of leading phenomenological vision from the natural attitude of the human being whose life is involved in the world of things and persons back to the transcendental life of consciousness and its noetic-noematic experiences, in which objects are constituted as …
What is a transcendental experience?
When something is transcendental, it’s beyond ordinary, everyday experience. It might be religious, spiritual, or otherworldly, but if it’s transcendental, it transcends — or goes beyond — the regular physical realm.
What are the different types of phenomenology?
It is considered that there are two main approaches to phenomenology: descriptive and interpretive. Descriptive phenomenology was developed by Edmund Husserl and interpretive by Martin Heidegger (Connelly 2010).
What is the meaning of hermeneutic phenomenology?
Hermeneutic phenomenology is focused on subjective experience of individuals and groups. It is an attempt to unveil the world as experienced by the subject. through their life world stories. This school believes that interpretations are all we have and description itself is an interpretive process.
What is an example of hermeneutic phenomenology?
Answer. Hermeneutic phenomenology is a research method used in qualitative research in the fields of education and other human sciences, for example nursing science. It is a widely used method example in Scandinavia, and Van Manen is well known for his hermeneutic phenomenological method.
Who is known as the father of phenomenology?
Edmund Husserl was the principal founder of phenomenology—and thus one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century. He has made important contributions to almost all areas of philosophy and anticipated central ideas of its neighbouring disciplines such as linguistics, sociology and cognitive psychology.
What are examples of transcendent?
The definition of transcendent is extraordinary or beyond human experience. Talking to God is an example of a transcendent experience. That which surpasses or is supereminent; something excellent.
What is transcendence and example?
Transcendence is the act of rising above something to a superior state. If you were at a concert where the rock star jumped into the audience, the concert (and audience) may have achieved a state of transcendence.
What is the difference between transcendent and transcendental?
As adjectives the difference between transcendental and transcendent. is that transcendental is (philosophy) concerned with the a priori or intuitive basis of knowledge, independent of experience while transcendent is surpassing usual limits.
What does transcendental mean in philosophy?
Also called transcendental philosophy. any philosophy based upon the doctrine that the principles of reality are to be discovered by the study of the processes of thought, or a philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical: in the U.S., associated with Emerson.
What does the term transcendental mean according to Immanuel Kant?
By transcendental (a term that deserves special clarification) Kant means that his philosophical approach to knowledge transcends mere consideration of sensory evidence and requires an understanding of the mind’s innate modes of processing that sensory evidence.
What are Kant’s three transcendental ideas?
Transcendental ideas, according to Kant, are (1) necessary, (2) purely rational and (3) inferred concepts (4) whose object is something unconditioned.
What is an example of transcendental idealism?
For example, if I look up at the sky I can’t change it from blue to pink just by thinking about it, which might be thought possible if all that existed were the experiences themselves. Instead, Kant was convinced that there was something beyond our immediate sensations causing these phenomena.
What is transcendental subject?
The transcendental subject is the ultimate condition for the possibility of experience, and if we consider the empirical subject as another yet highly unique and distinctive object of experience, it should follow that the pure apperception or the transcendental unity of apperception is the condition for the pos- …
What is the main upshot of Kant’s transcendental theory of knowledge?
The upshot of this crucial Kantian insight is that the standard model of knowledge is backwards. When we know something, the world does not simply mold the mind. Instead, Kant believed, the world must “conform to” the mind.
What is transcendental method in psychology?
The transcendental method is a common research method in contemporary psychology. This means that mental processes are not studied directly, but indirectly. The reasoning behind this method is that mental processes are invisible, but the effects and / or consequences (behavior) are observable.