A probabilistic Turing machine is **a Turing machine with the ability to make decisions based on the outcomes of unbiased coin tosses**. The partial function computed by a probabilistic machine is defined by assigning to each input the output which occurs with probability greater than $\frac{1}{2}$.

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## Is a Markov chain a probabilistic Turing machine?

The answer is **yes, under certain reasonable conditions**. The formal definition of probabilistic Turing machine shares commonalities with DFAs and Markov chains. Note that this only differs from the definition of a deterministic Turing machine in the transition function δ.

## What is Turing machine and its types?

Definition. A Turing Machine (TM) is **a mathematical model which consists of an infinite length tape divided into cells on which input is given**. It consists of a head which reads the input tape. A state register stores the state of the Turing machine.

## What is Turing machine with example?

Example 1:

**L = {0 ^{n}1^{n}2^{n} | n≥1} represents language where we use only 3 character, i.e., 0, 1 and 2**. In this, some number of 0’s followed by an equal number of 1’s and then followed by an equal number of 2’s. Any type of string which falls in this category will be accepted by this language.

## What are the types of Turing machine?

**Variation of Turing Machine**

- Multiple track Turing Machine: …
- Two-way infinite Tape Turing Machine: …
- Multi-tape Turing Machine: …
- Multi-tape Multi-head Turing Machine: …
- Multi-dimensional Tape Turing Machine: …
- Multi-head Turing Machine: …
- Non-deterministic Turing Machine:

## Are Turing machines deterministic?

In computational complexity discipline, **a deterministic Turing machine** is a theoretical machine that is used in thought experiments to examine the abilities and limitations of algorithms. In a deterministic Turing machine, the set of rules impose at most one action to be performed for any given situation.

## Can a Turing machine generate random numbers?

Pick a number, any number

Not with a Turing Machine. Each step in an algorithm should get you to a single specific result based on where you start. True randomness is not computable. Turing knew that **Turing machines could not generate true randomness**, and Turing knew a great deal about randomness.

## How does a Turing machine work?

*The machine has the ability to move the tape one cell to the left or to the right at any time during operations in order to reposition the readwrite.*

## How many Turing machines are there?

The set of Turing machines is **countably infinite**, which means that Turing machines can be numbered using natural numbers. That is you can create a 1-to-1 mapping between natural numbers and Turing machines.

## What are the properties of Turing machine?

It has an external memory which remembers arbitrary long sequence of input. It has unlimited memory capability. The model has a facility by which the input at left or right on the tape can be read easily. The machine can produce a certain output based on its input.

## What are the components of a Turing machine?

A Turing machine consists of (a) a finite control, (b) one tape, representing the memory, that has a left margin and is divided into an infinite number of cells, and (c) a moving read/write head. The finite control can be in any one of a finite set Q of states.

## Is Turing machine a function?

A Turing machine is **a computing device that on input a finite sequence of strings might produce a string**. The machine has two parts: a control unit and a tape. The control unit is characterized by a finite set Q of control states, a start state q0 ∈ Q and a transition function δ.

## Why Turing machine is most powerful?

If you look at computational complexity, a Turing Machine is the most powerful machine – **because it has unlimited memory, and no real machine has that**. Any real machine cannot solve problems of arbitrary size; they cannot even read a problem, much less solve it.

## Are humans Turing machines?

A Turing machine is a tuple consisting of an alphabet, a tape, some transition, etc. I am not one of those. So no. **A human being is not a Turing machine** (or at least, I am not).

## Is a Turing machine finite?

**A Turing machine is a finite state machine plus a tape memory**. Each transition may be accompanied by an operation on the tape (move, read, write).

## Is a Turing machine efficient?

**Turing machines can be efficiently simulated by the General Purpose Analog Computer**. The Church-Turing thesis states that any sufficiently powerful computational model which captures the notion of algorithm is computationally equivalent to the Turing machine.

## Why is Turing machine Universal?

In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that **simulates an arbitrary Turing machine on arbitrary input**. The universal machine essentially achieves this by reading both the description of the machine to be simulated as well as the input to that machine from its own tape.

## Which one is more powerful than Turing machine?

Algorithms and automata that are more powerful than Turing machines are called **super-recursive**. Computations that cannot be realized or simulated by Turing machines are called hyper-computations.