What fallacy is it: “It doesn’t affect me and hence I don’t care about it”?

What is ignorance fallacy example?

This fallacy occurs when you argue that your conclusion must be true, because there is no evidence against it. This fallacy wrongly shifts the burden of proof away from the one making the claim. Examples: Him: “C’mon, hook up with me tonight.” Her: “Why should I?” Him: “Why shouldn’t you?”

What are the 3 fallacies?

Species of Fallacious Arguments. The common fallacies are usefully divided into three categories: Fallacies of Relevance, Fallacies of Unacceptable Premises, and Formal Fallacies. Many of these fallacies have Latin names, perhaps because medieval philosophers were particularly interested in informal logic.

Why do you care logical fallacy?

They may result from innocent errors in reasoning, or be used deliberately to mislead others. Taking logical fallacies at face value can lead you to make poor decisions based on unsound arguments. And using them yourself – even by mistake – can make you appear untrustworthy and damage your reputation.

What are the four most common fallacies?

15 Common Logical Fallacies

  • 1) The Straw Man Fallacy. …
  • 2) The Bandwagon Fallacy. …
  • 3) The Appeal to Authority Fallacy. …
  • 4) The False Dilemma Fallacy. …
  • 5) The Hasty Generalization Fallacy. …
  • 6) The Slothful Induction Fallacy. …
  • 7) The Correlation/Causation Fallacy. …
  • 8) The Anecdotal Evidence Fallacy.

What is the strawman fallacy?

This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.

What is ad Misericordiam fallacy?

Appeal to Pity (Ad Misericordiam) Description: The argument attempts to persuade by provoking irrelevant feelings of sympathy. Examples: “You should not find the defendant guilty of murder, since it would break his poor mother’s heart to see him sent to jail.”

What is a non sequitur example?

A non sequitur is a conclusion or reply that doesn’t follow logically from the previous statement. You’ve probably heard an example of a non sequitur before, therefore bunny rabbits are way cuter than chipmunks.

What is division fallacy?

A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.

What is an example of a slippery slope fallacy?

If you don’t do your homework, you’ll fail the class. If you fail this class, you won’t graduate from school. If you don’t graduate, you won’t get into college. If you don’t attend a good college, you won’t get a good job.

What is an example of post hoc fallacy?

The fallacy lies in a conclusion based solely on the order of events, rather than taking into account other factors potentially responsible for the result that might rule out the connection. A simple example is “the rooster crows immediately before sunrise; therefore the rooster causes the sun to rise.”

What is poisoning the well fallacy?

Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy (a type of ad hominem argument) in which a person attempts to place an opponent in a position from which he or she is unable to reply.

What is an example of ad hominem?

A classic example of ad hominem fallacy is given below: A: “All murderers are criminals, but a thief isn’t a murderer, and so can’t be a criminal.” B: “Well, you’re a thief and a criminal, so there goes your argument.”

What is an ad Misericordiam example?

Argumentum Ad Misericordiam (Appeal To Pity):​ appealing to a person’s unfortunate circumstance as a way of getting someone to accept a conclusion. For example, “You need to pass me in this course, since I’ll lose my scholarship if you don’t.”

Which is an example of the red herring fallacy?

More everyday examples of the red herring fallacy include: Distracting a child – “You’re right, that toy in the toy shop looks really fun. Let’s go home and see what fun toys we have there!” Convincing a parent to lend you the car – “I know you don’t want me to borrow the car, but I was going to pick up coffee for you.

Why is ad Baculum misleading?

The Ad Baculum fallacy may mimic those situations in which a legitimate governing authority simply declares the discussion to be at an end in order to preserve order. However, the Ad Baculum fallacy only mimics this situation. Generally, it is guilty of at least one significant error.

What is ad Baculum in philosophy?

Argumentum ad baculum (Latin for “argument to the cudgel” or “appeal to the stick”) is the fallacy committed when one makes an appeal to force to bring about the acceptance of a conclusion.

Is post hoc a logical fallacy?

Short for “post hoc, ergo propter hoc,” a Latin phrase meaning “after this, therefore because of this.” The phrase expresses the logical fallacy of assuming that one thing caused another merely because the first thing preceded the other.

What is hasty generalization fallacy?

The hasty generalization fallacy is sometimes called the over-generalization fallacy. It is basically making a claim based on evidence that it just too small. Essentially, you can’t make a claim and say that something is true if you have only an example or two as evidence.