What is a slippery slope fallacy?
slippery slope argument, in logic, the fallacy of arguing that a certain course of action is undesirable or that a certain proposition is implausible because it leads to an undesirable or implausible conclusion via a series of tenuously connected premises, each of which is understood to lead, causally or logically, to
What is straw person fallacy?
This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.
What is hominem fallacy?
(Attacking the person): This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone’s argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument. The fallacious attack can also be direct to membership in a group or institution.
What is the misrepresentation fallacy?
Description: Substituting a person’s actual position or argument with a distorted, exaggerated, or misrepresented version of the position of the argument.
What is a non sequitur logical fallacy?
(7) The fallacy of non sequitur (“it does not follow”) occurs when there is not even a deceptively plausible appearance of valid reasoning, because there is an obvious lack of connection between the given premises and the conclusion drawn from them.
What is the hasty generalization fallacy?
The hasty generalization fallacy is sometimes called the over-generalization fallacy. It is basically making a claim based on evidence that it just too small. Essentially, you can’t make a claim and say that something is true if you have only an example or two as evidence.
What is an example of post hoc fallacy?
The fallacy lies in a conclusion based solely on the order of events, rather than taking into account other factors potentially responsible for the result that might rule out the connection. A simple example is “the rooster crows immediately before sunrise; therefore the rooster causes the sun to rise.”
What is stacking the deck fallacy?
The term stacking the deck is a fallacy in which any evidence that supports an opposing argument is simply rejected, omitted, or ignored. Stacking the deck is a technique that’s commonly used in propaganda. It is also known as special pleading, ignoring the counterevidence, slanting, or one-sided assessment.
What is false analogy fallacy?
a type of informal fallacy or a persuasive technique in which the fact that two things are alike in one respect leads to the invalid conclusion that they must be alike in some other respect.
What is the meaning of Dicto simpliciter?
Dicto Simpliciter – Secundum Quid. (Destroying the Rule) Description: The argument exploits an over-simplistic or unqualified statement of a rule to argue, based on what should be recognized as a legitimate exception, that the rule should be rejected altogether.
What is the example of Husky generalization?
Examples of hasty generalization include the following: When I was young, my dad and brothers never helped with the household chores. All men are useless in the house. My child’s classmates in preschool bullied him.
What is appeal to popularity fallacy?
The appeal to popularity fallacy is made when an argument relies on public opinion to determine what is true, right, or good. This approach is problematic because popularity does not necessarily indicate something is true. Using this flaw in logic, a person may come to a conclusion that has little or no basis in fact.
What is limited choice fallacy?
Fallacy of Limited Choice (False Dichotomy)
Forcing a conclusion by artificially limiting the available options. Most commonly it involves an “either/or” statement. Examples: “If you’re against the war, you’re not supporting our sons and daughters in uniform.”
What is appeal to Populance?
Appeal to Popularity (Ad Populum) Description: The argument supports a position by appealing to the shared opinion of a large group of people, e.g. the majority, the general public, etc. The presumed authority comes solely from the size, not the credentials, of the group cited.
What is traditional wisdom fallacy?
Appeal to Tradition is a type of logical fallacy in which something is accepted as true or better because it’s the “way it’s always been done.” There is no evidence that a specific belief or course of action actually is better. It is just believed to be better because it is the traditional belief or course of action.
What is division fallacy?
A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.
What is appeal to ignorance fallacy?
This fallacy occurs when you argue that your conclusion must be true, because there is no evidence against it. This fallacy wrongly shifts the burden of proof away from the one making the claim.