What evils does Socrates refer to when discussing his State and the origins of war?

What is Socrates belief?

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

Who does Socrates swear by?

Reports that Socrates swore by the plane tree may well be inferences from Phaedrus 236e, where Phaedrus so swears and Socrates does not object. No oaths by other natural entities appear in Plato or Xenophon, however.

What is philosophy according to Socrates in the apology?

In the previous paragraph we looked at human wisdom being limited.In addition,another role of philosophy according to socrates in the apology is to make people aware that the truth is more important than death.In the apology Socrates told gentlemen of the jury that to fear death,is like thinking that you are wise when …

What does Socrates say about justice?

Socrates seeks to define justice as one of the cardinal human virtues, and he understands the virtues as states of the soul. So his account of what justice is depends upon his account of the human soul. According to the Republic, every human soul has three parts: reason, spirit, and appetite.

What are 4 things that Socrates believed in?

Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not …

What did Socrates question?

Philosophy of Socrates

His lifestyle—and eventually his death—embodied his spirit of questioning every assumption about virtue, wisdom and the good life. Two of his younger students, the historian Xenophon and the philosopher Plato, recorded the most significant accounts of Socrates’ life and philosophy.

Why does Socrates not fear death in the apology?

In the “Apology” Socrates is on trial for crimes he has not committed. Socrates ultimately does not fear death because of his innocence, he believes that death is not feared because it may be one of the greatest blessings of the soul.

How does Socrates defend himself in the apology?

Socrates argues that he is innocent of both charges. His defense is ultimately unsuccessful, and he is convicted and sentenced to death. Socrates concludes the Apology by arguing that a just man should have no fear of death.

What is the essence of Socrates defense in the apology?

In the Apology, Socrates makes his famous claim: “the unexamined life is not worth living.” Socrates’ interpretation of the Oracles’ announcement and his subsequent activity also plays rather nicely in his defense against the charge of atheism/not believing in the gods of the state.

What is the problem of evil in philosophy?

The problem of evil is the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil and suffering with an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God. There are currently differing definitions of these concepts. The best known presentation of the problem is attributed to the Greek philosopher Epicurus.

What is logical problem of evil?

The logical problem of evil is the appearance of inconsistency between the existence of God and the existence of any evil at all. A defence against the logical problem of evil is an argument that purports to show that this appearance is misleading and in fact there is no such inconsistency.

What are 5 facts about Socrates?

Top 10 intriguing facts about Socrates

  1. He was of middle economic status. …
  2. He made money from teaching. …
  3. No belief in religion. …
  4. He died by hemlock poisoning. …
  5. He did not leave any recorded teachings behind. …
  6. Famous teacher. …
  7. Know thyself.

What is Socrates famous for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

What are the three golden words of Socrates?

SOCRATES: Well, then, if we cannot capture the good in one form, we will have to take hold of it in a conjunction of three: beauty, proportion and truth.

What does the golden mean mean?

: the medium between extremes : moderation.

Who created the golden mean?


Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency.

Why is the golden mean important?

The Golden mean is a vital facet of Aristotle’s’ virtue theory so it is important that it is understood and can be easily applied to any question. ​The virtues that surround Aristotle’s ethics are to be found within the Golden mean, which involves finding the balance between two means.

Are particular kinds of properties or characteristics that objects can possess?


Dispositions are particular kinds of properties or characteristics that objects can possess. Examples of dispositions include the solubility of a sugar-cube in water, the fragility of porcelain, the elasticity of a rubber band, and the magnetism of a lodestone.

Why is ethics called science?

In the weakest sense, ethics is a science if it can be organized into a coherent body of knowledge; in the moderate sense, ethics is a science if it can use the traditional epistemological canons of science to gain moral knowledge; and in the strongest sense ethics is a science if in addition to using the methods of …

Who followed the policy of Golden Mean history class 10?

Aristotle had followed the policy of golden mean.

Who followed the policy of golden mean a Duke Metternich B Giuseppe Mazzini C Louis Philippe D Duke of Orleans?

Expert-verified answer

King Louis Philippe used it in domestic affairs which eventually led to a revolution in 1848.

Which French King adopted the policy of golden mean?

Answer: The policy adopted by Louis Philippe in the domestic affairs was also an important factor leading to the outbreak of the Revolution of 1848. The king was quite aware of the strength of the opposition. In order to convince the political parties of his sincerity, he adopted the policy of ‘Golden Mean’.

What was Helaria Philippe?

(also Philiki Etairia; Friendly Society), a secret nationalist organization of Greek patriots that from 1814 to 1821 waged a struggle for the liberation of Greece from the Ottoman yoke. … Philike Hetairia was active in Greece, as well as in parts of Turkey and in the Greek emigrant community in Western Europe.

Who followed the policy of golden mean Class 10 Mcq?

Aristotle followed the golden mean in his philosophy. According to him, moral behaviour is the mean between two extremes. These two extremes are an excess of something and a complete deficiency of something.

What was Hilaria Phillike?

Expert-verified answer

Philike Hetairia (also Philiki Etairia; Friendly Society), a secret nationalistorganization of Greek patriots that from 1814 to 1821 wageda struggle for the liberation of Greece from the Ottomanyoke.