What does “it” refer to in this short Aristotle passage?

Who is Aristotle short answer?

Aristotle (/ˈærɪstɒtəl/; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition.

What is Aristotle’s main concept?

Aristotle initially claimed that everything was made up of five elements: earth, fire, air, water, and Aether. Aristotle is also famous for his “four causes,” which explain the nature of change in an object. Its material cause is what it is actually made of. Its formal cause is how that matter is arranged.

What is the mean according to Aristotle?

Similarly, Aristotle’s concept of the mean is often misunderstood. In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle repeatedly states that virtue is a mean. The mean is a state of clarification and apprehension in the midst of pleasures and pains that allows one to judge what seems most truly pleasant or painful.

Who is Aristotle short summary?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What did Aristotle write?

In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Some of his most notable works include Nichomachean Ethics, Politics, Metaphysics, Poetics and Prior Analytics.

What is good Aristotle?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What does Aristotle argue?

In Nicomachean Ethics 1.7, Aristotle claims that to discover the human good we must identify the function of a human being. He argues that the human function is rational activity. Our good is therefore rational activity performed well, which Aristotle takes to mean in accordance with virtue.

What is Aristotle’s moral theory?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

What is Aristotle’s golden mean quizlet?

What does the “Golden Mean” mean in Aristotle’s terms. In Aristotle’s terms the “Golden Mean” means the ideal moderate position between two extremes.

Who did Aristotle teach?


Aristotle taught Alexander and his friends about medicine, philosophy, morals, religion, logic, and art. Under Aristotle’s tutelage, Alexander developed a passion for the works of Homer. Aristotle gave him an annotated copy, which Alexander later carried on his campaigns.

Who is Plato and Aristotle?

Aristotle and Plato were philosophers in ancient Greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more. Though many more of Plato’s works survived the centuries, Aristotle’s contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning.

Who is the father of biology?

In the 4th century BC the Greek philosopher Aristotle traveled to Lesvos, an island in the Aegean teeming, then as now, with wildlife.
Father of Biology : Father of Branches of Biology.

Subject Father
Father of Biology Aristotle
Father of Modern Botany Linnaeus
Father of Endochrinology Thomas Addison

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates of Athens

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

Who is the father of political science?


Some have identified Plato (428/427–348/347 bce), whose ideal of a stable republic still yields insights and metaphors, as the first political scientist, though most consider Aristotle (384–322 bce), who introduced empirical observation into the study of politics, to be the discipline’s true founder.

How does Aristotle define political science?

Political science in one sense is the science of human action, but Aristotle also defined it as the prudential giving of laws which aim to make citizens virtuous. Such a goal requires that statesmen themselves be virtuous, and they are to the degree that they are prudent, since prudence is a virtue.

What are the subjects in BA Hons political science?

B.A. {Hons.} in Political Science: Syllabus and Course Description

Semester I Semester-II
Indian Political Thought-I Indian Political Thought-II
Classical Political Philosophy Modern Political Philosophy
Development Process and Social India’s Foreign Policy
Movements in Contemporary India One Optional from the following

Is political science a science?

Political science is the scientific study of politics. It is a social science dealing with systems of governance and power, and the analysis of political activities, political thought, political behavior, and associated constitutions and laws.

What is political development Wikipedia?

Ultimately, political development can be defined as an increase in national political unity and an increase in political participation.

What is your perspective of anthropology sociology and political science?

question. Explanation: These disciplines help us in making better networks and social associations for society to flourish. It additionally helps in fixing cultural holes with the general public itself and seeing better about how parts of the general society function and connect with each other.

What do you know about public administration?

public administration, the implementation of government policies. Today public administration is often regarded as including also some responsibility for determining the policies and programs of governments. Specifically, it is the planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling of government operations.

What is public administration subject in UPSC?

Public Administration covers a chunk of the GS papers in the UPSC Mains exam covering a major portion of GS Paper III – Polity and Governance. Choosing this paper as an optional and getting acquainted with the governmental framework where the aspirants might be working in the future, would be a really wise choice.

What is public administration Upsc?

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam has Public Administration as one of the Optional Subjects with 2 papers (Optional Paper I and Paper II). The Mains stage of IAS Exam has 9 papers. Public Administration for UPSC is one of the 48 subjects given in the optionals list.

Who said public administration is administration related to the operations of government whether central or local?

Herbert Simon

Herbert Simon states “By public administration is meant, in common usage, the activities of the executive branches of the national, state and local government.” Public Administration: Scope: The scope of Public administration is discussed under two headings as under: 1.

Who said administration is the process of action of different groups cooperating with each other to achieve the same objective?

Marx “Administration is a determined action taken in pursuit of a conscious purpose. It is the systematic ordering of affairs and the calculated use of resources aimed at making those things happen which one wants to happen and foretelling everything to the contrary.”

Who define public administration consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of public policy?

According to L D White, Public administration consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of public policy. On the other hand as per Woodrow Wilson public administration is a detailed and systematic application of law.