What is the meaning of Aristotle’s Poetics?
In this text Aristotle offers an account of ποιητική, which refers to poetry or more literally “the poetic art,” deriving from the term for “poet; author; maker,” ποιητής. Aristotle divides the art of poetry into verse drama (to include comedy, tragedy, and the satyr play), lyric poetry, and epic.
What is the main purpose of Aristotle’s Poetics?
On these bases the Poetics was held to defend the imitative arts because they invite us to place ourselves in complex and nuanced moral situations and to discern behind them the moral laws and patterns at work.
What is the study of Poetics?
Traditionally, the term poetics has been interpreted as an inquiry into the laws and principles that underlie a verbal work of art and has often carried normative and prescriptive connotations.
What are Aristotle’s 6 Poetics?
The 6 Aristotelean elements are plot, character, thought, diction, spectacle, and song.
Did Aristotle write the Poetics?
Of all the writings on theory and aesthetics—ancient, medieval, or modern—the most important is indisputably Aristotle’s Poetics, the first philosophical treatise to propound a theory of literature.
Where was Aristotle’s Poetics written?
As for the plot, it came originally from Sicily; but of Athenian writers Crates was the first who abandoning the ‘iambic’ or lampooning form, generalized his themes and plots. Epic poetry agrees with Tragedy in so far as it is an imitation in verse of characters of a higher type.
What are the key elements of tragedy according to Aristotle’s Poetics?
In Poetics, he wrote that drama (specifically tragedy) has to include 6 elements: plot, character, thought, diction, music, and spectacle.
How does Aristotle defend poetry?
Aristotle’s answer to these charges is that poetry is not reality but a higher reality, what ought to be not what is. Poetry gives not reality but the idea of reality in the poet’s mind. Poetry rather gives us Ideal reality. The rules of ordinary experience do not govern the higher creation of poetry.
How are Aristotle’s views on poetry different from that of Plato?
According to Plato, poetry imitates only superficial appearance like a painter. But Aristotle believed that poetry not only imitates the external but also internal emotions. Plato condemned poetry on moral, intellectual and emotional grounds. Aristotle justifies poetry on moral, intellectual and emotional grounds.
What is the main reason of Aristotle to defend art?
While Plato condemns art because it is in effect a copy of a copy – since reality is imitation of the Forms and art is then imitation of reality – Aristotle defends art by saying that in the appreciation of art the viewer receives a certain “cognitive value” from the experience (Stumpf, p 99).