On Aristotle’s account, living things are essentially bodies, bodies by their essence have surfaces, and surfaces are (usually) colored. Likewise, the Pythagoreans can be understood as saying that numbers are simply the sorts of things as to have weight (sometimes?).
What did Aristotle say about Pythagoras?
In his philosophical dialogue Protrepticus, Aristotle has his literary double say: When Pythagoras was asked [why humans exist], he said, “to observe the heavens,” and he used to claim that he himself was an observer of nature, and it was for the sake of this that he had passed over into life.
Who is Pythagoras and Aristotle?
Pythagoras, Plato, And Aristotle: The Major Contributions By The Greek Invention Of Philosophy. The major contributions that were made to civilization by the Greek invention of Philosophy were mainly by four people: Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Who were the Pythagoreans and what did they stand for?
The Pythagoreans believed in immortality and “transmigration of the soul” (the idea that after death souls went to heaven or occupied the bodies of men or animals). They also thought that pure knowledge was the essence of the soul and the best means of attaining pure knowledge was through numbers.
What were the beliefs of the Pythagoreans?
The Pythagoreans were a religious sect or cult whose beliefs were based on the power of numbers; honesty; living a simple, unselfish life; and generally trying to show kindness to people and animals.
What kind of philosopher was Pythagoras?
Quick Info. Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher who made important developments in mathematics, astronomy, and the theory of music. The theorem now known as Pythagoras’s theorem was known to the Babylonians 1000 years earlier but he may have been the first to prove it.
How is Plato’s thinking related to Pythagoras?
Pythagoras, the Pythagoreans and Plato
For the Pythagoreans say that things exist by ‘imitation’ of numbers, and Plato says they exist by participation, changing the name.” Despite such unequivocal testimony, modern scholarship has not always been willing to follow Aristotle.