What are the objections to the Affinity Argument in the Phaedo?

Following Socrates’ presentation of the affinity argument in the Phaedo, his interlocutors Simmias and Cebes raise some further objections, including Simmias’s famous suggestion that the soul may be a mere harmony or attunement of the body’s components, like the harmony of a lyre.

What is the argument of affinity in Phaedo?

In Plato’s Phaedo, Socrates offers an argument for the soul’s immortality, dubbed the ‘Affinity Argument’ (78c-80b). Socrates argues that since the soul shares its essential properties with the invisible and the divine, it necessarily shares the further property of immortality.

What is Cebes objection to the immortality of the soul based on the cloak and the Weaver?

Cebes says that though he follows the argument that the soul existed before birth, he is still not convinced that it is immortal. Unlike Simmias, he can believe that the soul survives the death of the body, but he does not take this in itself as evidence that it is eternal.

What are the four main arguments for immortality in the Phaedo?

The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.

What is Cebes objection to Socrates argument that philosophers should not fear death?

Cebes is puzzled by what seems to be a contradiction– that those for whom death would be a blessing cannot take their own lives, but must wait for their lives to be taken from them–and asks Socrates to articulate this view.

What is the main point of Plato’s Phaedo?

The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. It claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that Plato’s teacher, Socrates (469-399 B.C.E.), was put to death by the state of Athens.

What is the main point Socrates is trying to make in the Phaedo?

Socrates draws a distinction between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things which are material, visible, and perishable. The body is of the second kind, whereas the soul is of the first kind. This would suggest that the soul ought to be immortal and survive death.

What is Socrates final argument for the immortality of the soul in Phaedo?

So, when the soul is approached by death, it must either retreat or be destroyed; because it is indestructible, it must retreat, rather than being destroyed. It is in this way that Socrates proves the immortality of the soul.

What is one argument for the immortality of the soul given in the Phaedo?

The lecture focuses exclusively on one argument for the immortality of the soul from Plato’s Phaedo, namely, “the argument from simplicity.” Plato suggests that in order for something to be destroyed, it must have parts, that is, it must be possible to “take it apart.” Arguing that the soul is simple, that it does not

How does Socrates argue that the soul is immortal?

According to the last line of argument that Socrates offers in the Phaedo, the soul is immortal because it has life essentially, the way fire has heat essentially. It is plain that both of these arguments apply to the souls of all living things, including plants (cf.

What is Plato’s final argument?

The final argument of Plato’s Phaedo was created to prove souls cannot perish. Plato does so by arguing how a soul cannot die nor cease to exist on the same fundamental grounds of how the number three can never be even. For the number three holds the essence of being odd, without being odd entirely.

What themes are announced in the opening of Phaedo?


  • Immortality, the Body, and the Soul.
  • Knowledge and Wisdom.
  • Existence, Reality, and the Forms.
  • Intellectual Inquiry, Discussions, and Friendship.

What is the ending of the Phaedo?

In the final scene of the Phaedo Plato clearly suggests that Socrates’ death will be good in this sense. Notice that Socrates drinks the hemlock while the sun is still shining (for it has not yet fallen below the hills, 116e).

What is the main contention of Socrates?

Socrates’ contention was that human beings cannot rely on their senses in any way as a source for knowledge because information from them varies. Knowledge to Socrates was never changing, but concrete and eternal.

What is Socrates argument from opposites?

Here Socrates introduces the Argument from Opposites. He puts forth the claim that everything that comes to be, comes to be from its opposite. For instance, for an object to become bigger, it must have been smaller beforehand, and has become bigger out of this smallness.