What are the main theories that account for why some people like X and others not?

What are the theories for X and Y assumption?

Theory X says people don’t like to work and will avoid it if they can. Because people don’t like to work, they must be controlled, directed, or threatened to get them to make an effort. Theory Y says that people want to be self-directed and will try to accomplish goals that they believe in.

What is difference between Theory X and Theory Y?

The key difference between Theory X and Theory Y is that Theory X assumes that employees dislike work; they want to avoid it and do not want to take responsibility whereas Theory Y assumes that employees are self-motivated, and flourish on responsibility.

What is a major difference between the Theory X and Theory Y views of management?

Theory X is a motivational theory, which involves high supervision and control over the subordinates, and greater degree of centralization. Theory Y, is an advanced theory, wherein it is assumed that the workers are self-directed and self-motivated, for growth and development and takes active part in decision making.

What is Theory X motivation?

Theory X – people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility. Managers with this assumption motivate their people using a rigid “carrot and stick” approach, which rewards good performance and punishes poor performance.

What are the five theories of management?

Popular Management Theories

  • Scientific Management Theory. …
  • Systems Management Theory. …
  • Contingency Management Theory. …
  • Theory X and Theory Y. …
  • Increasing Productivity. …
  • Simplifying Decision Making. …
  • Encouraging Staff Participation.

What are the main theories of management?

Here are seven important management theories to be aware of:

  • Scientific management theory. …
  • Principles of administrative management theory. …
  • Bureaucratic management theory. …
  • Human relations theory. …
  • Systems management theory. …
  • Contingency management theory. …
  • Theory X and Y.

What are the 4 major management theories?

‘ Understanding organizations comes from understanding management theory, and Kimani outlines four major management theories for the basis of organizations: bureaucratic theory, scientific management theory, behavioural management theory, and human relations theory.