What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant’s moral philosophy?

What is the difference between Kant and Rousseau?

Rousseau favors a civically-minded republicanism that demands loyalty to particular places. Kant, however, prefers a liberal form of republicanism that moves the citizen’s attention away from his particular community and towards the universal needs of humanity.

How are Kant and Rousseau similar?

Introduction. Philosophers have viewed the political role as well as the justifications for liberty to be vital in political and ethical matters. Both Kant and Rousseau agree with each other on the significance of liberty in politics, though Kant looks at freedom as autonomy, while Rousseau views it as dependence.

How did Rousseau and Immanuel Kant differ in their views on humanity?

The contrasts between Rousseau and Kant can be drawn quite sharply. For Rousseau, liberty is a requirement of justice, for Kant, justice is the requirements of liberty. For Rousseau justice is about promoting the human good; for Kant justice is not about the human good.

Does Kant agree with Rousseau?

For example, even while admiring and largely accepting Rousseau’s theodicy, Kant cannot wholly agree with Rousseau that “man is by nature good.” While Kant agrees that there is in man a natural predisposition to good, he also insists on “a radical innate evil in human nature” (6:32), an innate evil that is nonetheless …

Who was Kant and Rousseau?

Kant was a model of self-control and moral rigorism; Rousseau a paradigm of the restless romantic spirit seeking its own unique individuality. And we could go on.

What is moral freedom Rousseau?

Rousseau makes a further claim in the same chapter of The Social Contract, namely that in conditions of civil society the citizen achieves “moral freedom,” by which he means obedience to a law that one has prescribed to oneself (for discussion see especially Neuhouser 1993).

What was the main difference between Locke and Rousseau?

Locke’s theory is when human beings enter society we tend to give up our natural freedom, whereas Rousseau believes we gain civil freedom when entering society. Even in modern times we must give up our natural freedom in order to enforce protection from those who are immoral and unjust.

What does Rousseau say about equality?

Rousseau and Kant believed that moral equality derives from human rationality—the capacity to direct our own thinking, a capacity they take to be unique to humans and to be found equally in all of us.

What did Kant mean by the Noumenal world?

In the simplest sense, Kant says that there are two different worlds. The first world is called the noumenal world. It is the world of things outside us, the world of things as they really are, the world of trees, dogs, cars, houses and fluff that are really real.

Is it fair to say that Rousseau Kant and Hegel are wrestling with the same problem of human freedom in a deterministic world?

Are Rousseau and Kant wrestling with the same problem of human freedom in a deterministic world? No: Rousseau is concerned with civic freedom, Kant with moral freedom and Hegel with freedom as such.