What is Thomson’s argument in regards to abortion?
According to Thomson’s position, any fetus has the potential for being aborted/killed immorally but only those fetuses given a right to the woman’s body have the potential for being aborted/killed unjustly.
What is Thomson’s main conclusion in a defense of abortion?
Does a fetus have a right to life? What is Thomson’s main conclusion in “A Defense of Abortion”? a. Abortion is legally defensible although it is immoral.
What does Thomson call the view that abortion is always impermissible even to save the mother’s life?
abortion is impermissible even to save the mother’s life “the extreme view.” 1. Let us call the view that abortion is impermissible even to save the mother’s life “the extreme view.” Example: mother has a cardiac condition.
Which of the following arguments is most typically used to support the view that abortion is immoral even when it is necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman?
According to Thomson, what arguments are often used to support the view that abortion is immoral even when it is necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman? The fetus is an innocent person, and directly killing an innocent person is murder, which is absolutely impermissible.
Does Thomson support abortion?
Thomson does not support unlimited abortion rights. She gives as an example a hypothetical woman who seeks a Late termination of pregnancy; “just to avoid the nuisance of postponing a trip abroad” and declares this to be “positively indecent”.
What is Thomson’s solution to the trolley problem?
lot, each workman’s expected utility, prior to that determination, is greater if the bystander flips the switch should Bystander arise than if he does not. And it is in virtue of this, she held, that the bystander may flip the switch. These are Thomson’s solutions to the Trolley Problem.
Which of the following premises of the pro life argument that Thomson considers Does she reject quizlet?
Which of the following premises of the pro-life argument that Thomson considers does she reject: … Thomson does not think that there is a morally relevant difference between a fetus that is the product of rape and one that is not the product of rape.
How does Thomson describe the behavior of the thirty eight people who watched or listened as Kitty Genovese was murdered?
How does Thomson describe the behavior of the thirty-eight people who watched or listened as Kitty Genovese was murdered? as a failure to be Minimally Decent Samaritans.
Does Thomson think a fetus is a person?
As Thomson points out, that the step to showing that abortion is morally wrong from the assumption that a fetus is a person is by no means obvious or straightforward. Thomson shows this by appeal to the Principle of Analogy in the Case of the Famous Unconscious Violinist.
What is the right to life according to Thomson?
Thomson proposes two common definitions for “right to life”: 1) that a person be given, at the very least, the bare necessities needed to survive or 2) that it is impermissible to kill a person.
What is Thomson’s case of the burglar supposed to show?
What is the case of the burglar supposed to show? That abortion is morally permissible only in the case of failed contraception.
Is a fetus a person?
Ultimately, most people adopt a hybrid account of personhood, according to which an embryo is a non-person, while a late-term fetus is a person. Embryos have no capacity for sentience (yet alone consciousness), whereas a late-term fetus has basic capacities for processing stimuli from the external world.
What is the moral of the trolley problem?
Trolley problem, in moral philosophy, a question first posed by the contemporary British philosopher Philippa Foot as a qualified defense of the doctrine of double effect and as an argument for her thesis that negative duties carry significantly more weight in moral decision making than positive duties.
Why did Thomson change her mind about the trolley problem?
In “Turning the Trolley” Thomson has changed her thoughts about the trolley problem in what way? a. She now thinks it is permissible to turn the trolley to kill the one person.
What is the purpose of the trolley problem?
We have a hard decision to make. The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics about a fictional scenario in which an onlooker has the choice to save 5 people in danger of being hit by a trolley, by diverting the trolley to kill just 1 person.
What lessons do you learn from the trolley problem thought experiment?
The so-called Trolley Problem sheds light on many claims in moral philosophy: utilitarian positions (doing what’s best for the greatest number), the difference between doing and letting happen (being more obliged to not cause harm than to prevent harm), and issues of “collateral damage” (killing one person to save
Which principles are in conflict in the trolley problem?
Foot argues that Trolley Driver involves a conflict between two negative duties: the duty not to kill one and the duty not to kill five. The duty not to kill five is stronger than the duty not to kill one, so it is morally permissible to kill one to save five others.
Do you push the fat man?
You are standing on a footbridge looking down on the unfolding disaster. However, a fat man, a stranger, is standing next to you: if you push him off the bridge, he will topple onto the line and, although he will die, his chunky body will stop the train, saving five lives.
Who made the trolly problem?
philosopher Philippa Foot
This is the crux of the classic thought experiment known as the trolley dilemma, developed by philosopher Philippa Foot in 1967 and adapted by Judith Jarvis Thomson in 1985.
Is it morally permissible for Frank to shove the man?
Frank can shove the 1 man onto the track in the path of the train, killing him; or he can refrain from doing that, letting the 5 die. Is it morally permissible for Frank to shove the man? In this case, only 12% of participants answered that it was morally permissible for Frank to shove the man.