What are the common nutritional deficiencies in western countries related to reduced mental performance?

What are the most common nutrient deficiencies in developing countries?

Deficiencies in iron, iodine, vitamin A and zinc are still major public health problems in developing countries, but vitamin C, D and B deficiencies have declined considerably in recent decades.

What are the most common nutritional deficiencies associated with the modern Western diet?

This is mainly due to the typical western diet, which consists of packaged or processed foods, red meat, foods high in saturated fats and salty snacks. Additionally, the diet is also low in fruits and vegetables. The four most common vitamin deficiencies in the United States include vitamins D, B6 and B12 and folate.

What are the most common micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries?

Iron, iodine, folate, vitamin A, and zinc deficiencies are the most widespread MNDs, and all these MNDs are common contributors to poor growth, intellectual impairments, perinatal complications, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality.

What nutrient deficiencies are associated with decreased cognitive ability How?

Iron deficiency is widespread and has been associated to cognitive deficits, but the results of prevention trials are inconsistent. Zinc deficiency has been linked with low activity and depressed motor development among the most vulnerable children.

Which is the most common nutritional deficiency nutrient worldwide?

Iron deficiency

Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies in the world, affecting more than 25% of people worldwide ( 1 , 2 ). This number rises to 47% in preschool children. Unless they’re given iron-rich or iron-fortified foods, they are very likely to lack iron.

Which country or area protein related deficiencies are most common?

Protein is an important part of a basic diet, but an estimated one billion people worldwide suffer from protein deficiency. The problem is most severe in Central Africa and South Asia, where about 30 percent of children consume too little protein.

What deficiencies can cause memory loss?

Vitamin B-12 helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells. Vitamin B-12 deficiency — most common in older adults and vegetarians — can cause various signs and symptoms, including memory loss.

Which nutrient deficiency caused impair cognitive function and physical performance?

Iron deficiency affects memory and impairs learning, contributing to low cognitive scores and development; deficiencies of thiamine, folate and B12 affect episodic memory and language ability.

What is the most common cause of dementia?

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia in older adults, but there are a number of other causes of dementia. Depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms might be reversible.

What foods cause dementia?

New research finds that it’s not only what you eat, but also how you combine certain foods that can increase your risk of developing Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia in later life. The foods most strongly associated with this risk were sugary snacks, alcohol, processed meats, and starches like potatoes.

What are the two most common causes of dementia in older adults?

Common causes of dementia are: Alzheimer’s disease. This is the most common cause of dementia. Vascular dementia.

What are the 12 risk factors for dementia?

The 12 risk factors are:

  • Early life: Less education – higher and longer lasting education is proven in improve cognitive performance.
  • Mid-life: Hearing loss. Hypertension. Obesity. Excessive alcohol intake. Head injury.
  • Later life (65+): Smoking. Depression. Social isolation. Physical inactivity. Diabetes. Air pollution.

Is diet a risk factor for dementia?

∎Unhealthy diet – Eating a diet that lacks a good range of healthy foods may increase a person’s risk of dementia. There are many possible reasons. For example, an unhealthy diet increases the risk of high blood pressure which is a risk factor for dementia (see page 10).

What are 4 risk factors associated with dementia?

Risk Factors for Dementia

  • Age. The risk of Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and several other dementias goes up significantly with advancing age.
  • Genetics/family history. …
  • Smoking and alcohol use. …
  • Atherosclerosis. …
  • Cholesterol. …
  • Plasma homocysteine. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Mild cognitive impairment.

How can you reduce the risk of dementia?

This means you can help reduce your risk of dementia by:

  1. eating a healthy, balanced diet.
  2. maintaining a healthy weight.
  3. exercising regularly.
  4. keeping alcohol within recommended limits.
  5. stopping smoking.
  6. keeping your blood pressure at a healthy level.

What is the best diet to prevent Alzheimer’s?


  • At least three servings of whole grains a day.
  • Green leafy vegetables (such as salad) at least six times a week.
  • Other vegetables at least once a day.
  • Berries at least twice a week.
  • Red meat less than four times a week.
  • Fish at least once a week.
  • Poultry at least twice a week.
  • Beans more than three times a week.

How do you reduce plaque in the brain?

Get plenty of omega-3 fats.

Evidence suggests that the DHA found in these healthy fats may help prevent Alzheimer’s disease and dementia by reducing beta-amyloid plaques. Food sources include cold-water fish such as salmon, tuna, trout, mackerel, seaweed, and sardines. You can also supplement with fish oil.

What vitamins help prevent dementia?

Vitamin D supplements also are widely available. Vitamin D deficiency is common among older adults, partly because the skin’s ability to synthesize vitamin D from the sun decreases with age. It’s too early to recommend increasing your daily dose of vitamin D in hopes of preventing dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

How does vitamin D deficiency affect the brain?

New research finds that vitamin D deficiency affects a type of brain “scaffolding” that supports the neurons. This finding could lead to new therapies for the neurological symptoms of mental health conditions such as schizophrenia.

Is vitamin B complex good for dementia?

Large doses of B-complex vitamins could reduce the rate of brain shrinkage by half in elderly people with memory problems and slow the progression of dementia. Large doses of B-complex vitamins could reduce the rate of brain shrinkage by half in elderly people with memory problems and slow the progression of dementia.

What is the difference between B12 and B complex?

The difference between Vitamin B12 and B Complex is that Vitamin B12 is just one of the eight B vitamins that form the B complex. Together, the set of 8 B vitamins that make up the B complex are presented in the optimum balance to provide the recommended daily amount.

Can B12 reverse dementia?

Moretti, et al. concluded that B-12 treatment in the presence of low B-12 may improve frontal lobe and language function in patients with cognitive impairment but rarely reverses dementia.