What are some good texts to study the philosophy of self-reference?

What is an example of self-reference?

In the context of language, self-reference is used to denote a statement that refers to itself or its own referent. The most famous example of a self-referential sentence is the liar sentence: “This sentence is not true.” Self-reference is often used in a broader context as well.

What is self-reference in literature?

Self-reference occurs in literature and film when an author refers to his or her own work in the context of the work itself.

What is the self referencing technique?

Self-referencing is the technique of asking people to think about themselves while they are completing a task. This is something many teachers tell us they do already; for example, if a child is struggling to generate a sentence or story, they might be encouraged to think about something that has happened to them.

What is another word for self-referential?

In this page you can discover 10 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for self-referential, like: , self-reflexive, jejune, trite, parodic, formulaic, nonsensical, digressive, banal and reductive.

What conclusions may we draw from the self-reference effect?

What can we conclude about the self-reference effect? The research shows that people are more likely to recall words that apply to themselves compared with words that do not apply.

Why is self-reference important?

“Self-referencing is simply the process of linking information with yourself,” says Sheila. This is a useful tool for improving memory, because if you process information while associating it with yourself, you are more likely to remember the information than if you process it in relation to someone else.

What part of the brain is known for self referencing?

Prefrontal cortex

Prefrontal cortex
There are several areas within the cortical midline structure that are believed to be associated with the self-reference effect. One of the more active regions involved in the self-reference effect appears to be the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC).

Who created the self-reference effect?

One way to study the self-concept is through the self-reference effect, a term first coined by Rogers, Kuiper, and Kirker in 1977. This study found that relating information to the self allowed it to be better remembered than information processed in most other ways.

What is the self-reference effect quizlet?

Self Reference Effect. is the tendency for individuals to have better memory for information that relates to oneself in comparison to material that has less personal relevance. Intgration. The process whereby people flatter or praise themselves.

What is self referent cognitions?

Self-referential processing refers to the processing of information relevant to oneself and plays an important role in cognition. Behavioral studies have shown that directional cue stimuli have a qualitatively different function during attentional orienting after presentation of the cue associated with the self.

Which of the following psychologists is best associated with studying the function of memory?

Which of the following psychologists is best associated with studying the function of memory? Hermann Ebbinghaus studied memory by memorizing nonsense syllables and seeing how many he could remember. You just studied 33 terms!

Which psychologist is associated with function of memory?

George Miller (1956), in his research on the capacity of memory which aided in the dawn of the field of cognitive psychology, found that most people can retain about 7 items in STM.

Which of the following psychologist is most strongly associated with research on false memories?

Elizabeth Loftus

Which of the following psychologists is famous for research on false memories? Explanation: Elizabeth Loftus has had a long and distinguished career studying eyewitness memory and the creation of false memories.

Who studies the function of memory?

Nowadays, the study of human memory is considered part of the disciplines of cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and the interdisciplinary link between the two which is known as cognitive neuroscience.

What are the 3 types of memory?

The three major classifications of memory that the scientific community deals with today are as follows: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Information from the world around us begins to be stored by sensory memory, making it possible for this information to be accessible in the future.

What are the 4 types of memory?

There is much that researchers do not understand about human memory and how it works. This article explores the types of memory and what a person can do to improve their recall.
Most scientists believe there are at least four general types of memory:

  • working memory.
  • sensory memory.
  • short-term memory.
  • long-term memory.

What are the 3 theories of memory?

The three main stages of memory are encoding, storage, and retrieval. Problems can occur at any of these stages. The three main forms of memory storage are sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.

What are the 5 stages of memory?

The 5 stages of remembering

  • Sensing. The very beginning of the memory-making process involves the exposure to surrounding scenes and situations. …
  • Encoding. With the sensory information passed to the brain, the volume and complexity is too great to process. …
  • Consolidation. …
  • Storage. …
  • Retrieval.

How can I memorize better?

Simple memory tips and tricks

  1. Try to understand the information first. Information that is organized and makes sense to you is easier to memorize. …
  2. Link it. …
  3. Sleep on it. …
  4. Self-test. …
  5. Use distributed practice. …
  6. Write it out. …
  7. Create meaningful groups. …
  8. Use mnemonics.

Why do we forget?

Rather than being a bug, forgetting may be a functional feature of the brain, allowing it to interact dynamically with the environment. In a changing world like the one we and many other organisms live in, forgetting some memories can be beneficial as this can lead to more flexible behaviour and better decision-making.

Why do we forget dreams?

WE FORGET almost all dreams soon after waking up. Our forgetfulness is generally attributed to neurochemical conditions in the brain that occur during REM sleep, a phase of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and dreaming.

How do you erase memories from your brain?

How to Forget Things on Purpose

  1. Identify your memory. It might sound counterintuitive, but if you want to forget something, it’s helpful to first remember it. …
  2. Process your emotions. …
  3. Find out what triggers your memory. …
  4. Try substituting the memory. …
  5. Practice a healthy lifestyle.