What are main references on decolonization of knowledge/science?

How is knowledge decolonized?

According to Lewis Gordon, decolonization of knowledge mandates a detachment from the “commitments to notions of an epistemic enemy.” It rather emphasizes “the appropriation of any and all sources of knowledge” in order to achieve relative epistemic autonomy and epistemic justice for “previously unacknowledged and/or …

What does it mean to decolonize science?

24 To many indigenous scholars, decolonizing history of science implies that histories must work towards dismantling settler colonial regimes in favour of indigenous ones.

What is decolonial knowledge?

Decolonization of knowledge (also epistemic or epistemological decolonization) is a concept advanced in decolonial scholarship[note 1][note 2] that critiques the perceived universality of what the decolonial scholars refer to as the hegemonic Western knowledge system.[3] It seeks to construct and legitimize other …

Who invented decolonial theory?

sociologist Aníbal Quijano

The decolonial

The Peruvian sociologist Aníbal Quijano is said to have come up with the concept of the ‘coloniality of power’, having studied Latin America extensively since the 1970s.

Why is decolonization important?

Decolonization is “global in its essence because prior to colonization, every Indigenous nation existed without Imperial borders. And every continent of the world has Indigenous people,” says Nikki. Even today, nearly 2 million people live under colonial rule in the 17 remaining non-self-governing territories.

What does it mean to colonize knowledge?

If curricula and ideas and knowledge are colonised, that means they have been shaped in part by considerations that are political, economic, social, cultural or otherwise tangential to the ideals of academic inquiry.

Why is Decoloniality in the 21st century?

Decoloniality facilitates the unmasking of racism as a global problem as well as demonstrating how knowledge, including science, was used to justify colonialism. Finally decoloniality accepts the fact of ontological pluralism as a reality that needs ecologies of knowledges to understand.

What does Anibal Quijano mean by the Coloniality of power?

by Steve Martinot. The “coloniality of power” is an expression coined by Anibal Quijano to name the structures of power, control, and hegemony that have emerged during the modernist era, the era of colonialism, which stretches from the conquest of the Americas to the present.

What is decolonization in education?

❖ Decolonization is the process of undoing colonizing practices. Within the educational context, this means confronting and challenging the colonizing practices that have influenced education in the past, and which are still present today.

What are the four types of decolonization?

There are broadly four types of decolonization: 1) self government for white settler colonies as it happened in Canada and Australia 2) formal end to empire followed by independent rule as in India 3) formal empire replaced by informal empire or neo-colonialism as in Latin America 4) mere change of imperial masters — …

What are some examples of decolonization?

The French left Vietnam in 1954 and gave up its North African colonies by 1962. Portugal gave up its African colonies in the 1970s; Macau was returned to the Chinese in 1999.

What three ways were decolonized?

Three key elements played a major role in the process: colonized peoples’ thirst for independence, the Second World War which demonstrated that colonial powers were no longer invulnerable, and a new focus on anti-colonialism in international arenas such as the United Nations.

What factors caused decolonization?

The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations. Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition.

What are some effects of decolonization?

One of the most important effects of decolonization is the instability of the post-colonial political systems, which entails another, far-reaching consequences. These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe.

How did decolonization change the world?

The wave of decolonization, which changed the face of the planet, was born with the UN and represents the world body’s first great success. As a result of decolonization many Territories became independent and joined the UN. The international trusteeship system was established by the UN Charter.

What is another word for decolonization?

Territories, self-determination, imperialism, colonisation.

What is decolonization in literature?

Decolonization is the process of revealing and dismantling colonialist power in all its forms. This includes dismantling the hidden aspects of those institutional and cultural forces that had maintained the colonialist power and that remain even after political independence is achieved.

What are the different theoretical models to understand decolonization?

are apologetic, bourgeois, and reformist theories according to which imperialism ensures liberation of colonial and dependent countries by promoting the development of capitalism. Decolonisation theories begin to develop in the first half of 1920’s.

What is decolonization discuss the historical context and the process of decolonization in the modern world?

Decolonization is the process by which a colony gains its independence from a colonial power, a process opposite to colonization. Decolonization could be achieved by attaining independence, integrating with the administering power or another state, or establishing a “free association” status.

What is the historical context of decolonization?

In terms of historical context, “decolonization” is most commonly used to refer to the transition from a world of colonial empires to a world of nation-states in the years following World War II.