Was Plato using strawmen in his dialogues?

What is comedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle defined comedy as an imitation of men worse than the average (where tragedy was an imitation of men better than the average). However, the characters portrayed in comedies were not worse than average in every way, only insofar as they are Ridiculous, which is a species of the Ugly.

How does Aristotle treat comedy?

For Aristotle, comedy represents human beings as “worse than they are,” but he notes that comic characters are not necessarily evil, just ridiculous and laughable.

What are the 3 types of comedy?

Types of Comedy in Literature, Theater, and Film

  • Black Comedy or Dark Comedy. Black or dark comedies are about topics that are distressing to people, such as death, illness, and other taboo topics. …
  • Comedy of Humors. …
  • Comedy of Manners. …
  • Romantic Comedy. …
  • Sentimental Comedy. …
  • Tragicomedy. …
  • Comedy Serves an Important Purpose.

What are the three characteristics of comedy?

Common characteristics of comedy include its use of language, which ranges from vernacular speech to puns and wordplay, its use of taboo subjects, and its use of incongruence and juxtaposition. Sometimes comedies rely on physical and crude humor. These are typically known as low comedy.

How does Aristotle define the genres of tragedy and comedy?

Aristotle finds that tragedy deals with serious, important, and virtuous people. Comedy, on the other hand, treats of less virtuous people and focuses on human “weaknesses and foibles”.

What is the aim of comedy?

Comedy aims to bring laughter and humor to plays/the theater. Comedy entertains and amuses audiences while also addressing social and personal matters of corruption. For example, comedy uses techniques such as satire and parody in order to poke fun at common human flaws.

What is comedy What are its main feature?

Essential Characteristics of Comedy which Constitutes the Comic… (i) Physical deformity and incongruity, mental deformity or obsession, (ii) Amusing situations, ridiculous or awkward manners. (iii) Diverting dialogue or ludicrous expression. … (iv) Satire or gross farcical caricatures.

What is the origin of the word comedy?

1580s, from French ode (c. 1500), from Late Latin ode “lyric song,” from Greek ōidē, an Attic contraction of aoidē “song, ode;” related to aeidein (Attic aidein) “to sing;” aoidos (Attic. Related: Odic.

What is the difference of tragedy and comedy?

Comedy and Tragedy are two genres of literature that traces their origins back to the Ancient Greece. In simple terms, the main difference between comedy and tragedy is that the comedy is a humorous story with a happy ending while a tragedy is a serious story with a sad ending.

What is the difference between tragedy and comedy according to Aristotle?

The distinction is basic to the Aristotelian differentiation between tragedy and comedy: tragedy imitates men who are better than the average and comedy men who are worse.

What is tragedy comedy?

Tragicomedy is a literary genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms. Most often seen in dramatic literature, the term can describe either a tragic play which contains enough comic elements to lighten the overall mood or a serious play with a happy ending.

What is the relationship between tragedy and comedy?

Whereas Tragedy emphasizes the realism of the characters’ suffering by making them sympathetic, Comedy pushes not only its characters but also its subject matter into the realm of absurdity to better show the audience a new perspective on a normally serious topic.

What is similarity between tragedy and comedy?

Both tragedies and comedies hinge upon their characters and their characters’ personal development over the course of the play. Like modern fiction, there isn’t much of a story in a play unless one of the characters undergoes a significant change in outlook or personal growth as part of the conflict.

What happens at the end of a comedy?

Comedies typically end with a group celebration, especially one associated with a betrothal or wedding, often accompanied by music and dancing The emphasis is on the reintegration of everyone into the group, a recommitment to their shared life together.

What are 2 of Shakespeare’s comedies?


  • All’s Well That Ends Well.
  • As You Like It.
  • The Comedy of Errors.
  • Love’s Labour’s Lost.
  • Measure for Measure.
  • The Merchant of Venice.
  • The Merry Wives of Windsor.
  • A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

What is Shakespeare’s most popular comedy?

A Midsummer Nights Dream

One of the most popular and famous of Shakespeare’s comedies, A Midsummer Nights Dream is a story of the foolishness that happens one evening when several humans and the Queen of the Fairies Titania end up bewitched and mixed up in terms of who they are in love with.

Which is the first comedy of Shakespeare?


Evidence: traditionally, Errors has been dated quite early, and has often been seen as Shakespeare’s first comedy, perhaps his first play.

Which Shakespeare play is not a comedy?

Shakespeare did not write any plays that would be classified as a farce, although The Comedy of Errors and The Taming of the Shrew come close. The Taming of the Shrew has been performed several times as a farce, using the particular form of staging a farce — commedia dell’arte.

What is comedy Shakespeare?

Shakespeare comedies (or rather the plays of Shakespeare that are usually categorised as comedies) are generally identifiable as plays full of fun, irony and dazzling wordplay. They also abound in disguises and mistaken identities, with very convoluted plots that are difficult to follow with very contrived endings.

Is King Lear a comedy or tragedy or history?

King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. It is based on the mythological Leir of Britain. King Lear relinquishes his power and land to two of his daughters. He becomes destitute and insane and a proscribed crux of political machinations.

Is Hamlet a tragedy or comedy?

Hamlet is one of the most famous tragedies ever written, and in many respects, it exhibits the features traditionally associated with the tragic genre. In addition to the play ending with the death of Hamlet and a host of others, Hamlet himself is a classic tragic protagonist.

Is Macbeth comedy?

Theatre review: The Tragic Comedy of Macbeth is an ambitious mash-up of genres.

Is King Lear a tragicomedy?

Although tragicomedy often portrays the downfall of the principal character, underlying elements of humor are also introduced to lighten the atmosphere and, of course, to bring comic relief. King Lear is one of the most tragic plays in all of literary history.

Is Othello a tragicomedy?

Othello is a tragedy because it tells the story of a noble, principled hero who makes a tragic error of judgment, leading to a devastating climax in which most of the characters end up either dead or seriously wounded.

What genre is King Lear?

tragic genre

The full title of Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of King Lear firmly establishes the play in the tragic genre, though as is often with Shakespeare, the play asks more questions than it answers. Central to the narrative is the eponymous king of eighth century England and father of three daughters.