Was Nietzsche influenced by Machiavelli?

In fact, Nietzsche’s professed ‘cure from all Platonism’ is Thucydides and The Prince of Machiavelli, for Thucydides and Machiavelli are closely related to Nietzsche, as Nietzsche himself recognizes, through ‘their unconditional will not to deceive themselves’ (TI Ancients 2), through their realism.

Who influenced Nietzsche the most?

Nietzsche’s enthusiasm for Schopenhauer, his studies in classical philology, his inspiration from Wagner, his reading of Lange, his interests in health, his professional need to prove himself as a young academic, and his frustration with the contemporary German culture, all coalesced in his first book—The Birth of …

Who has been influenced by The Prince by Machiavelli?

One historian noted that The Prince was spoken of highly by Thomas Cromwell in England and had influenced Henry VIII in his turn towards Protestantism and in his tactics, for example during the Pilgrimage of Grace.

Who influenced Machiavelli political ideas?

Machiavelli was greatly influenced by the conditions of Italy as the Italian peninsula was divided into a number of small but independent states which were constantly at war. Machiavelli wanted to unite this independent states and unity could only be possible under a Monarchy. 3.

Who came up with Machiavellian?

He is best known for his political treatise The Prince (Il Principe), written about 1513 but not published until 1532.

Niccolò Machiavelli
Born 3 May 1469 Florence, Republic of Florence
Died 21 June 1527 (aged 58) Florence, Republic of Florence

What did Nietzsche think of Marx?

Although Nietzsche never commented on Marx’s theories, he would have undoubtedly opposed Marx’s vision of an equal society. In Twilight of the Idols (1889), Nietzsche boldly proclaims, “The doctrine of equality!…

Does Nietzsche believe in God?

Nietzsche rejects the Christian God, he is not ‘anti-religious. ‘ Rather, Nietzsche is a religious thinker precisely because he adopts Schopenhauer’s analysis of religion as an intellectual construction that addresses the existential problems of pain and death, and gives authority to community-creating ethos.

What are Machiavelli’s 3 principles?

Leaders should be feared rather than loved, “if you cannot be both”, in order to avoid a revolt. Leaders should have the support of the people because it’s difficult to take action without their support. Leaders should hold good virtues. Leaders should be intelligent.

Who is an example of a Machiavellian?

Arguably, the most Machiavellian leader to ever exist would be Joseph Stalin. He abided by three major Machiavellian methods that were stated in the Prince: the ends justifies the means, crush any opposition, and displaying a false character.

What is Machiavelli most famous for?

Machiavelli was a 16th century Florentine philosopher known primarily for his political ideas. His two most famous philosophical books, The Prince and the Discourses on Livy, were published after his death.

What are the biggest criticisms of Nietzsche?

In the context of his criticism of morality and Christianity, expressed, among others works, in On the Genealogy of Morals and in The Antichrist, Nietzsche often criticized humanitarian feelings, detesting how pity and altruism were ways for the “weak” to take power over the “strong”.

Did Nietzsche read Kierkegaard?

Nor did Nietzsche read Kierkegaard. By the end of Nietzsche’s life, it is true, Kierkegaard was becoming known in Germany. In 1879 Georg Brandes published in German his Literary Character-Sketch on Kierkegaard.

Was Nietzsche an anarchist?

In that respect Nietzsche was an anarchist, and all true anarchists were aristocrats, I said” and “[i]n Vienna one could hear interesting lectures on modern German prose and poetry.

Was Nietzsche a nihilist?

Summary. Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher’s nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche’s and only Kierkegaard’s and Sartre’s are as radical.

Is Nietzsche an existentialist?

Kierkegaard and Nietzsche were two of the first philosophers considered fundamental to the existentialist movement, though neither used the term “existentialism” and it is unclear whether they would have supported the existentialism of the 20th century.

Was Nietzsche a collectivist?

As Nietzsche says repeatedly, “Not ‘mankind’ but overman is the goal!”[112] Nietzsche’s goal is a collectivist one—to bring about a new, future, higher species of man—overman. This is the significance of his exhortations about the Übermensch, the overman, the superman.

Did Nietzsche believe in individualism?

Nietzsche has often been held to be a highly individualistic thinker. According to this reading, he concerns himself with the wellbeing of a few choice individuals, and cares little about “the herd,” except insofar as they are a help or a hindrance to these exceptional individuals and their project of self-cultivation.

What does Nietzsche say about community?

Notice, however, that Young claims that for Nietzsche the highest object of a society’s concern is the flourishing of the community as a whole. He thus interprets Nietzsche as claiming: (D) The highest object of a society’s concern should be the flourishing of that society as a whole.

What is the theory of individualism?

Individualism encompasses a value system, a theory of human nature, and a belief in certain political, economic, social, and religious arrangements. According to the individualist, all values are human-centred, the individual is of supreme importance, and all individuals are morally equal.

Who is called the father of individualism?

Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) generally is identified as the most important direct antecedent of modern individualist philosophy.

What was John Locke’s theory?

In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.

What philosophers support individualism?

The French sociologist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) identified two types of individualism: the utilitarian egoism of the English sociologist and philosopher Herbert Spencer (1820–1903), who, according to Durkheim, reduced society to “nothing more than a vast apparatus of production and exchange,” and the rationalism of …

What is collectivism vs individualism?

Collectivism stresses the importance of the community, while individualism is focused on the rights and concerns of each person. Where unity and selflessness or altruism are valued traits in collectivist cultures, independence and personal identity are promoted in individualistic cultures.

What is wrong individualism?

In particular, individualistic systems urge people to pursue personal achievement, which creates competition between individuals (Triandis, 1995). These systems can also result in high social mobility, which lead to high social anxiety (Oishi et al., 2013).