Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective?

What is common factors approach?

Common factors theory, a theory guiding some research in clinical psychology and counseling psychology, proposes that different approaches and evidence-based practices in psychotherapy and counseling share common factors that account for much of the effectiveness of a psychological treatment.

Why are common factors important in therapy?

To understand the evidence for the common factors, it is important to keep in mind that these factors are more than a set of therapeutic elements that are common to all or most psychotherapies. They collectively shape a theoretical model about the mechanisms of change in psychotherapy.

What are common factors in psychology?

The most widely studied common factors include the therapeutic alliance, therapist empathy, positive regard, genuineness, and client expectations for the outcome of therapy (i.e., the extent to which clients believe therapy will be helpful in alleviating problems) (Cuijpers, Reijnders, & Huibers, 2019).

What is the dodo bird hypothesis?

The Dodo bird hypothesis asserts that when bona fide treatments are compared they yield similar outcomes and this hypothesis is consistent with a common factors or contextual model of psychotherapy.

What does common factors mean in therapy?

in psychotherapy, any of several variables that are common to various types of therapy, such as the therapeutic alliance, and that promote therapeutic success regardless of the different approaches used; common factors can thus be contrasted with factors that are unique to a particular therapy, such as the use of …

What are common factor competencies?

Skills March 2015 5 Page 6 PWP Training Review National Curriculum, Third Edition, 2015 teaching will develop PWPs’ core ‘common factors’ competencies of active listening, engagement, alliance building, patient-centred information gathering, information giving and shared decision making.

What is empirically supported?

What is evidence-based practice? Empirically Supported Treatments (EST’s) refer to specific psychological treatments for a specific population/disorder (e.g., individuals with Panic Disorder) that have been proven effective in controlled research.

What does countertransference mean in psychology?

In psychoanalytic theory, counter-transference occurs when the therapist projects their own unresolved conflicts onto the client. This could be in response to something the client has unearthed. Although many now believe it to be inevitable, counter-transference can be damaging if not appropriately managed.

Is the dodo bird verdict true?

Many meta-analyses show that there are treatments that do yield more positive outcomes for specific disorders. However, proof that some treatments actually harm patients instead of helping them further erodes support for the Dodo bird verdict.

Are all psychotherapies created equal?

Although most researchers agree that common factors play key roles in psychotherapy, some doubt that all methods are equally effective. Even Wampold has been careful to note that his conclusion holds for only bona fide treatments; it does not extend to all 500 or so therapies.

Are some therapies better than others?

Around 30 years ago, a number of influential studies all suggested that although psychotherapies were more effective in treating mental health problems than placebos and other appropriate controls, no psychotherapy was more effective than any other psychotherapy (e.g. Smith, Glass & Miller, 1980).

What are the 3 benefits of all forms of therapy?

Three commonalities shared by all forms of psychotherapies are the following: A hope for demoralized people. A new perspective. An empathic, trusting and caring relationship.

Which perspective studies how behavior and cognitive?

Biopsychology—also known as biological psychology or psychobiology—is the application of the principles of biology to the study of mental processes and behavior. The fields of behavioral neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and neuropsychology are all subfields of biological psychology.

What perspective focuses on free will?

According to freewill a person is responsible for their own actions. One of the main assumptions of the humanistic approach is that humans have free will; not all behavior is determined. Personal agency is the humanistic term for the exercise of free will.

What are three elements that are shared by all forms of psychotherapy?

What three elements are shared by all forms of psychotherapy? All psychotherapies offer new hope for demoralized people; a fresh perspective; and (if the therapist is effective) an empathic, trusting, and caring relationship.

How does the humanistic perspective differ from the psychoanalytic perspective?

Differences between the two approaches

Firstly, the psychoanalytic theory states that human nature is viewed in a very negative and pessimistic manner whilst the humanistic approach is more optimistic about human nature.

How do new discoveries influence contemporary psychological perspectives?

Explain how new discoveries influence contemporary psychological perspectives. New discoveries can either provide evidence to support or refute contemporary psychological perspectives, or they can lead to the development of new theories and perspectives.

Which of the following psychotherapeutic perspectives uses learning principles to modify behavior?

In behavior therapy, a therapist employs principles of learning from classical and operant conditioning to help clients change undesirable behaviors.

What principle underlies the effectiveness of systematic desensitization?

Systematic desensitization is a type of exposure therapy based on the principle of classical conditioning.

What does research suggest about the comparative effectiveness of psychotherapeutic techniques Group of answer choices?

What does research suggest about the comparative effectiveness of psychotherapeutic techniques? No studies have found one psychotherapeutic approach more effective than another.

Which of the following is the main focus of the cognitive perspective?

The cognitive perspective, operates on the belief that the brain is the most important aspect in relation to the way that an individual behaves or thinks. This perspective states that to understand someone, you must first be able to understand what is happening in their mind.

Which of the following does not influence your perception?

The correct answer is D.

Society is not a factor that influences perception because perception is an independent feeling.

What is an example of cognitive perspective in psychology?

The concept of learning itself is also an example of cognition. This is about the way in which the brain makes connections while remembering what is learned. The ability to reason logically is an excellent example of cognition, problem solving and making judgments about information.