Your self-structure is built from past experiences, knowledge, values and/or beliefs. If you are experiencing something which is different to your self-structure, the experience is inconsistent with your self-structure.
What is an inconsistent self-concept?
The term “self-discrepancies” refers to the presence of incompatible or conflicting beliefs about one’s self, with negative consequences on the person’s well-being.
What is Carl Rogers theory of self-concept?
Rogers believed that people must be fully honest with themselves. Inaddition, he thought that a fundamental function of the counselor was tofacilitate the personal discovery of the client; hence resulting in Rogers’conception of the self (aka self-concept) – a triangle.
What are the 3 parts of Carl Rogers personality theory?
Rogers believed that three different components constitute the self-concept: self-worth, self-image and ideal self. Let’s define each of these components.
What is self-actualization according to Carl Rogers?
Carl Rogers described self-actualization the continuous lifelong process whereby an individual’s self-concept is maintained and enhanced via reflection and the reinterpretation of various experiences which enable the individual to recover, change and develop (Rogers, 1951).
What is self discrepancy examples?
For example, if your ought self should volunteer more for the local animal shelter, then your actual self may be more inclined to do so. Discrepancies between the ideal and ought selves can be especially stressful.
What are the three types of self in self-discrepancy theory?
The theory postulates three basic domains of the self:
- Ideal vs. ought.
What are the two types of self-discrepancies?
Four different types of self-discrepancies were then calculated: actual/own:ideal/own; actual/own:ideal/ other, actual/own:ought/other, and actual/own:ought/own.
What happens when the ideal self and the real self are not close to each other?
Conversely, when there is a great discrepancy between our ideal and actual selves, we experience a state Rogers called incongruence, which can lead to maladjustment.
What two factors do the consequences of discrepancy depend on?
Intensity of Affective Experience
In contrast, the accessibility of a self-discrepancy will depend on the factors known to influence the accessibility of any representation, including how recently it was activated (e.g., due to recent priming) or how frequently it has been activated (e.g., due to chronic use).
How do you deal with self-discrepancy?
Learning about the effects of various coping styles (e.g., task-, emotion-, avoidance-oriented coping) will extend the current knowledge of self-discrepancy and may help individuals better deal with distress associated with self-discrepancies.
What is the self discrepancy theory Higgins?
Self discrepancy theory was introduced by psychologist E. Tory Higgins (1987) with the purpose of explaining the relationship between aspects of the self and affect. In this theory, Higgins posits that individuals possess different types of self-guides, or standards, against which they compare their current self.