Socrates as a foot soldier and his political philosophy?

What was Socrates soldier?

According to Plato, Socrates served in the armored infantry — known as the hoplite — with shield, long spear and face mask. He participated in three military campaigns during the Peloponnesian War, at Delium, Amphipolis and Potidaea, where he saved the life of Alcibiades, a popular Athenian general.

What is the philosophy of Socrates?

Socrates was a moral philosopher. He was not interested in mathematics or science but was concerned with the quality of his soul and that of others. Socrates’ philosophy examines how we should live. This led him to discussions on various virtues, things like wisdom, justice, courage, piety, and so on.

Was Socrates a good soldier?

Socrates was a military veteran, approximately 48 years old, with a well-known reputation for his exceptional endurance and courage when the battle of Amphipolis took place.

What was Socrates contribution to philosophy?

It has been said that Socrates’ greatest contribution to philosophy was to move intellectual pursuits away from the focus on `physical science’ (as pursued by the so-called Pre-Socratic Philosophers such as Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, and others) and into the abstract realm of ethics and morality.

Why Was Socrates a soldier?

Socrates in the Army. Like most other Athenian youths, Socrates would therefore have been prepared for active military service by the age of twenty. Indeed, he went on to become a hardened veteran who fought in at least three major battles of the Peloponnesian War.

Which philosopher was called the great soldier?

Viewed by many as the founding figure of Western philosophy, Socrates (469-399 B.C.) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the Greek philosophers. He grew up during the golden age of Pericles’ Athens, served with distinction as a soldier, but became best known as a questioner of everything and everyone.

What does Socrates say about war?

The primary rationale that Socrates provides in the first passage for these limits on the conduct of war is prudential: Greek enemies will fight differently if they are confident they will not be massacred or enslaved, and will be more likely to fight the barbarians than the Athenians.

Was Socrates a warrior?

Socrates was a combat soldier during the Peloponnesian War. This aspect of his biography is rarely placed at the center of an account of the endur- ing interest of the life of this celebrated philosopher.

Is Socrates the father of philosophy?

Socrates is considered by many to be the founding father of Western philosophy—as well as one of the most enigmatic figures of ancient history.

What are the three golden words of Socrates?

SOCRATES: Well, then, if we cannot capture the good in one form, we will have to take hold of it in a conjunction of three: beauty, proportion and truth.

Why is Socrates the best philosopher?

Socrates believed in the power of knowledge. He was someone who would seek knowledge through all different methods. He spent large amounts of time seeking the meaning of our own lives. A renowned deep thinker, a lover of scepticism, his questions were mainly over the daily issues of human life.

Why is Socrates the father of philosophy?

Socrates is sometimes called the “father of Western philosophy”. This is because in the discussions he uncovered some of the most basic questions in philosophy, questions which are still discussed today. Some of the people he taught came to be important and successful, like Plato and Alcibiades.

What are 5 facts about Socrates?

Here are some facts to help you get to know Socrates.

  • Socrates Stuck Out. …
  • He Wasn’t a ‘Teacher’ …
  • The Socratic Method Was Genius at Work. …
  • We Don’t Know Much About the ‘Real’ Socrates. …
  • Socrates is Best-Known as a Moral Philosopher. …
  • Socrates Heeded an Internal ‘Voice’ …
  • Socrates Died as He Lived, Uncompromising.

What did Socrates teach?

Socrates professed not to teach anything (and indeed not to know anything important) but only to seek answers to urgent human questions (e.g., “What is virtue?” and “What is justice?”) and to help others do the same.

What was something interesting about Socrates?

Socrates was married to a woman Xanthippe and even had children– Menexenus, Lamprocles, and Sophroniscus, but he was known to being openly bisexual, often claiming to be attracted to younger men. He said that he was more attracted to them by their refined souls and not their physical selves.

Why was Socrates work important?

Socrates was a philosopher in ancient Athens who is regarded as one of the founding fathers of western philosophy. The influence of his ideas and of his methods has reached all fields of thought throughout history. Aristophanes, Plato and Xenophon are the contemporary sources we have about Socrates.

How did Socrates view life?

According to Socrates, the purpose of life should be both personal and spiritual. One should focus on developing his skills in both personal and spiritual parts of life. A life that is unknown to himself is not considered to be fulfilled life.

Why was Socrates famed for his wisdom?

Answer: This insight determined Socrates’ unique approach to philosophy. The politician that Socrates had spoken to believed that he was wise, and he knew enough to have earned a reputation for wisdom.

How did Socrates defend himself?

Socrates begins his defense by acknowledging that many people have accused him of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” and of “making the worse into the stronger argument” and teaching these things to others (p. 26).

Why is Socrates wiser than others?

In each case, Socrates affirmed that he would rather be as he is, knowing that he knows nothing, than to be inflated by a false sense of his own great wisdom. Thus, he concludes, he truly is wiser than other men because he does not think he knows what he does not know.