Relative merits of presentism, eternalism and the growing block universe?

What is the block universe theory?

According to the block universe theory, the universe is a giant block of all the things that ever happen at any time and at any place. On this view, the past, present and future all exist — and are equally real.

What is the growing block view?

According to the way people usually think of the proposal, the growing block theory claims that past and present are real, but not the future. While all facts about the past are settled, the future is still open. As time goes by, the block of reality grows, with new layers of reality constantly being added to the past.

Who came up with the block universe theory?

Dr. Miller, who is the joint director for the Centre for Time at the University of Sydney, explained the theory in a piece published by ABC Science. Miller described how all moments that exist are relative to each other within three spatial dimensions and a single time dimension.

When was the block universe theory invented?


Broad first proposed the theory in 1923. He described the theory as follows: It will be observed that such a theory as this accepts the reality of the present and the past, but holds that the future is simply nothing at all.

Is the block universe static?

The block universe is a static thing — a static picture of the world — whereas this process of becoming is dynamical.” In this view, the passage of time is a fundamental rather than an emergent feature of the cosmos.

Can something exist and not exist at the same time?

Two versions of reality can exist at the same time, at least in the quantum world, according to a new study. Scientists have conducted tests to demonstrate a theoretical physics question first posed as a mere thought experiment decades ago.

Why did Einstein say time is an illusion?

As For Einstein

As we saw from Einstein’s quote, he believed that time is an illusion, that both the future and the past are unchangeable, and will play out exactly the way they were meant to.

What does quantum theory say about time?

In quantum mechanics, time is understood as an external (‘classical’) concept. So it is assumed, as in classical physics, to exist as a controller of all motion — either as absolute time or in the form of proper times defined by a classical spacetime metric.

Does the past still exist?

In short, space-time would contain the entire history of reality, with each past, present or future event occupying a clearly determined place in it, from the very beginning and for ever. The past would therefore still exist, just as the future already exists, but somewhere other than where we are now present.

Is time the 4th dimension?

According to Einstein , you need to describe where you are not only in three-dimensional space — length, width and height — but also in time. Time is the fourth dimension. So to know where you are, you have to know what time it is.

How many dimensions do we know of?

three dimensions

The world as we know it has three dimensions of space—length, width and depth—and one dimension of time. But there’s the mind-bending possibility that many more dimensions exist out there. According to string theory, one of the leading physics model of the last half century, the universe operates with 10 dimensions.

Is our perception of time an illusion?

According to theoretical physicist Carlo Rovelli, time is an illusion: our naive perception of its flow doesn’t correspond to physical reality. Indeed, as Rovelli argues in The Order of Time, much more is illusory, including Isaac Newton’s picture of a universally ticking clock.

What did Albert Einstein say about time?

In the Special Theory of Relativity, Einstein determined that time is relative—in other words, the rate at which time passes depends on your frame of reference.

Is our future already written?

The future, though it remains unknown to you, seems to be written already. Einstein himself described it thus: “People like us, who believe in physics, know that the distinction between past, present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.”

Is future predetermined?

NO , The future isn’t predetermined according to physics.

Is time a quantum?

1) There is no conclusive evidence that time is quantized, but 2) certain theoretical studies suggest that in order to unify general relativity (gravitation) with the theories of quantum physics that describe fundamental particles and forces, it may be necessary to quantize space and perhaps time as well.

Is time Travelling possible?

General relativity. Time travel to the past is theoretically possible in certain general relativity spacetime geometries that permit traveling faster than the speed of light, such as cosmic strings, traversable wormholes, and Alcubierre drives.

Do scientists believe in free will?

An increasing number of popular science writers and some scientists are telling us that free will is an illusion. Yet an increasing number of popular science writers and some scientists are telling us that free will is an illusion. The author Sam Harris and the biologist Jerry Coyne are just two prominent examples.

Do Christians have free will?

The Bible testifies to the need for acquired freedom because no one “is free for obedience and faith till he is freed from sin’s dominion.” People possess natural freedom but their “voluntary choices” serve sin until they acquire freedom from “sin’s dominion.” The New Bible Dictionary denotes this acquired freedom for …

Is choice an illusion?

Previous research suggests that choice causes an illusion of control-that it makes people feel more likely to achieve preferable outcomes, even when they are selecting among options that are functionally identical (e.g., lottery tickets with an identical chance of winning).

Are humans free or determined?

According to freewill a person is responsible for their own actions. One of the main assumptions of the humanistic approach is that humans have free will; not all behavior is determined. Personal agency is the humanistic term for the exercise of free will.

What is the difference between free will and freedom?

Defenders of free will insist that freedom in the most inclusive and desirable sense is something more than mere external freedom of action; it is a fundamental type of positive internal freedom. Free will involves more than a mere internal capacity for making choices, for choices may be either free or unfree.

Can free will and determinism coexist?

Determinism is incompatible with free will and moral responsibility because determinism is incompatible with the ability to do otherwise.