Questions on the second meditation by Descartes?

What does Descartes discover in the second meditation?

In the second mediation of René Descartes’ “Mediations on the First Philosophy” (titled: “On the nature of the human mind and that it is easier to understand than bodies”) he establishes his Archimedean point of certainty, the Cogito and shows that, contrary to common belief, we know the mind better than we know the

What does Descartes doubt in meditation 2?

In the second meditation of his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes searches for a belief that he cannot doubt. He thinks that he cannot doubt his belief that he exists. The reason why he thinks he cannot doubt this belief is because if he is doubting, then he must exist.

What is Descartes second argument?

Descartes’ Second Proof of the existence of God: Axiom: The same power and action are needed to preserve something as would be needed to create something anew. Axiom: There must be at least as much reality in the cause as in the effect.

What kind of thing does Descartes believe he is in meditation II )?

In Meditation 1, Descartes doubted the existence of material bodies; so, he was conceiving of bodies not existing. But, in Meditation 2, he found that he could not doubt his own existence. So, in this method of doubt, he was conceiving of his mind as existing, but of bodies as not existing.

What is Descartes conclusion in the second meditation?

He states that if there is an evil force that deceives him, then this fact itself allows concluding that he exists. It allows assuming that if he is deluded, then he exists.

Why is the wax important in Descartes second meditation?

Descartes uses the “Wax Example” in the second meditation of Meditations on First Philosophy to explain why we as thinking things are able to know a thing even if it has been altered or changed in some way.

What is the main purpose of Descartes Meditations?

Descartes’s general goal was to help human beings master and possess nature. He provided understanding of the trunk of the tree of knowledge in The World, Dioptrics, Meteorology, and Geometry, and he established its metaphysical roots in the Meditations.

What is Descartes goal in meditation I?

Descartes’ goal, as stated at the beginning of the meditation, is to suspend judgment about any belief that is even slightly doubtful. The skeptical scenarios show that all of the beliefs he considers in the first meditation—including, at the very least, all his beliefs about the physical world, are doubtful.

Why does Descarte believe in God?

He purports to rely not on an arbitrary definition of God but rather on an innate idea whose content is “given.” Descartes’ version is also extremely simple. God’s existence is inferred directly from the fact that necessary existence is contained in the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being.

What is the significance of Descartes claim I am thinking therefore I exist How does he argue for that claim?

Descartes says that ‘I think therefore I exist’ (whatever it is, argument or claim or ‘intuition’ or whatever we think it is) is seen to be certainly true by ‘the natural light of reason’. Here is Descartes committing himself to the idea that our reason can tell us things that are true about the world we live in.

What is the point of Descartes discussion of the piece of wax that is why does he talk about it?

Using wax as the object for reflection and consideration, Descartes has concluded that to judge an issue one is to reject thinking about its properties at the moment and to rely only on his/her deduction and mind. Feelings and perception of the aspects prevent a person from an objective consideration of the issue.

How does the wax example tie in to Descartes Meditations?

The Discussion and the Conclusion: In Meditation II, Descartes introduces the “Wax Analogy” in order to demonstrate conclusively that things are known through the intellect rather than the senses and that the mind is better known than the body.

What is Descartes trying to discern in the passage about the piece of wax and what does he conclude about the wax?

The real conclusion of this passage emerges on 33.1, lines 8-9: “I perceive it [i.e., what the wax is] through the mind alone.” This is reinforced later in the paragraph by repetition: “[The perception of the wax] is an inspection of the mind alone.” Here it is clear that Descartes is talking about the power of the

Does Descartes convince you that the mind is more certain than the body?

On the one hand, Descartes argues that the mind is indivisible because he cannot perceive himself as having any parts. On the other hand, the body is divisible because he cannot think of a body except as having parts. Hence, if mind and body had the same nature, it would be a nature both with and without parts.