What are the two theories of rape?
The feminist theory views rape as “a pseudosexual act” used by males to intimidate and dominate women. The social learning theory postulates that rape results from the male acquisition of attitudes and vicarious learning experiences favorable to males behaving aggressively toward women.
What theory explains rape?
Some theories that may help explain why an individual commits rape are evolutionary theory, feminist theory, self-control theory, narcissistic reactance theory, and American dream theory. A biological explanation of rape includes Thornhill and Palmer’s evolutionary theory of rape (Siegert & Ward, 2002).
What is the major motivation for rape?
The main motivation for rape appears to be aggression, incorporating power, violence, revenge and anger. A study by Scully and Marolla (1985) revealed that in some rapes both punishment and revenge were directed at the victims, who were considered responsible for the rapists’ problems.
What are the immediate needs of a rape victim?
Immediate needs after sexual assault include safety and privacy in the first instance, followed by treatment of injuries and prevention of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus.
What are the four theories of rape?
We address this question by investigating whether interstate variations in the rape rate might be explained by four aspects of the social structure and cultural climate of states: (1) gender inequality; (2) circulation of pornography; (3) culturally legitimate violence; and (4) social disorganization.
What are the sociological theories of crime?
While there are many different sociological theories about crime, there are four primary perspectives about deviance: Structural Functionalism, Social Strain Typology, Conflict Theory, and Labeling Theory.
What are the three motivations for rape?
These are: power-assertive – motivation is to show how sexually adept the rapist is and use power to control the victim. power-reassurance – motivation is to show the perpetrator is sexually adequate. anger-retaliatory – motivation is to inflict physical harm to relieve feelings of anger and intense rage.
What are the typical motivators for the offender?
Motivations to sexually offend can vary from offender to offender and offense to offense, but the MFM emphasizes three primary sexual motivations: (a) paraphilias, (b) high sex drive, and (c) intense mating effort.
What is feminist theory?
Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical, fictional, or philosophical discourse. It aims to understand the nature of gender inequality.
What is feminist theory criminology?
The feminist-etiological approach assumes that the low crime rate among women can be explained by the gender-specific socialisation background. The values and norms set by society and the ‘intended’ female role model mean that women have less opportunity to commit criminal acts.
What are the three main feminist approaches?
Traditionally feminism is often divided into three main traditions, sometimes known as the “Big Three” schools of feminist thought: liberal/mainstream feminism, radical feminism and socialist or Marxist feminism.
What are the 3 feminist theories?
Among the major feminist theories are liberal feminism, radical feminism, Marxist/socialist feminism, postmodern/poststructuralist feminism, and multiracial feminism.
What is Marxist theory in criminology?
Criminology is the study of crime as a social phenomena. Marxist criminology is a theory that attempts to explain crime through the prism of Marxism. Marxist criminology says during the struggle for resources in capitalism, crime emerges as those on the bottom contend for social, political, and economic equality.
What do Functionalists believe about crime?
Functionalist believe that crime is actually beneficial for society – for example it can improve social integration and social regulation. The Functionalist analysis of crime starts with society as a whole. It seeks to explain crime by looking at the nature of society, rather than at individuals.
What was Friedrich Engels theory?
Engels believed that capitalism created and maintained class struggles between the bourgeoisie, the business owners, and the proletariat, the working class. Marx’s theory, or Marxism, represented the recognition of this imbalance and defined ideas to create a political and economic landscape without class structure.
What is Karl Marx’s theory?
Key Takeaways. Marxism is a social, political, and economic theory originated by Karl Marx that focuses on the struggle between capitalists and the working class. Marx wrote that the power relationships between capitalists and workers were inherently exploitative and would inevitably create class conflict.
What did Max Weber believe?
Max Weber is famous for his thesis that the “Protestant ethic” (the supposedly Protestant values of hard work, thrift, efficiency, and orderliness) contributed to the economic success of Protestant groups in the early stages of European capitalism.
What did Adam Smith believe?
Smith believed in taxing property, profits, business transactions, and wages. But these taxes should be as low as possible to meet the public needs of the country. He also thought they should not be arbitrary, uncertain, or unclear in the law.
What are Marxist ideologies?
Marxists believe that economic and social conditions, and especially the class relations that derive from them, affect every aspect of an individual’s life, from religious beliefs to legal systems to cultural frameworks.
What is the difference between socialism and Marxism?
Marxists consider the material world as an integrated whole in which all things and phenomena are interconnected and interdependent. Whereas, socialists believe in equality and abolition of private enterprise.
What do you mean by Leninism?
Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary vanguard party, as the political prelude to the establishment of communism.