What is the difference between Endurantism and Perdurantism?
Perdurantists believe that ordinary things like animals, boats and planets have temporal parts (things persist by ‘perduring’). Endurantists believe that ordinary things do not have temporal parts; instead, things are wholly present whenever they exist (things persist by ‘enduring’).
Which account of persistence do you find most plausible Perdurantism or Endurantism?
Perdurantism is the thesis that objects persist by having temporal parts dislocated among the spans of time in which they exist. Endurantism seems to be the view most favored by commonsense, whereas perdurantism and the metaphysics of temporal parts have been criticized by many.
What is the problem of temporary intrinsics?
The problem of temporary intrinsics is the problem of how persisting objects can have different intrinsic properties at different times. The relativizer responds to this problem by replacing ordinary intrinsic properties with relations to times.
What does it mean to persist through time?
If an object persists through time, what is present of an object at different times is not a part of it, but rather the object itself, in its wholeness or entirety. This way of persisting, whereby something persists by being wholly present at different times, is called ‘endurance’ (Lewis 1986: 202).
What are temporary intrinsics?
temporary intrinsics. The problem of temporary intrinsics is this: ordinary objects persist through changes in their intrinsic properties, i.e. those properties which an object has in virtue of the way it is, indepen- dently of anything else. To use Lewis’s example, ‘when I sit I’m bent, when I stand, I’m straight’.
What is a space time worm?
Space-Time Worms, or ST Worms for short as they are often called, are normal looking worms that feed on the Space-Time Fabric which makes up the reality of most Universes.
Is mass an intrinsic property?
Mass is then an intrinsic property of particles. It is intrinsic in the sense that the mass of one particle does not depend on the masses of other particles. Mass, interpreted as a disposition, does not give an intrinsic identity to particles.
What is temporary in philosophy?
In contemporary metaphysics, temporal parts are the parts of an object that exist in time. A temporal part would be something like “the first year of a person’s life”, or “all of a table from between 10:00 a.m. on June 21, 1994 to 11:00 p.m. on July 23, 1996”.
What is worm theory?
Worm theorists believe that a persisting object is composed of the various temporal parts that it has. It can be said that objects that persist are extended through the time dimension of the block universe much as physical objects are extended in space.
What is temporal existence?
Temporal existence is often contrasted with spiritual existence, which many religions teach is eternal. The American system of government features a separation of church and state—that is, a separation of spiritual and temporal authority. But such separation is relatively recent.
What do you call a doctrine that all matters have life?
hylozoism, (from Greek hylē, “matter”; zōē, “life”), in philosophy, any system that views all matter as alive, either in itself or by participation in the operation of a world soul or some similar principle.
What is Heraclitus theory?
Heraclitus asserted that the world exists as a coherent system in which a change in one direction is ultimately balanced by a corresponding change in another.
What was Heraclitus philosophy?
Unlike many of the other Pre-Socratic philosophers, Heraclitus believed that the world is not to be identified with any particular substance, but rather consists of a law-like interchange of elements, an ongoing process governed by a law of perpetual change, or Logos, which he symbolized by fire.
What was Anaximander theory?
Anaximander postulated eternal motion, along with the apeiron, as the originating cause of the world. This (probably rotary) motion caused opposites, such as hot and cold, to be separated from one another as the world came into being.
What is Anaximander’s conclusion?
Anaximander, however, recognized that water was just another of the earthly elements and suggested no more ancient origin than the other three. He concluded that the First Cause had to come from something beyond the observable world but still able to be apprehended by the operation of that world.
What is the difference between the ideas of Anaximander and Pythagoras?
In other words, Pythagoras found the essence of being not in “what is to be determined” but in “what determines.” From Pythagoras’ perspective, the Ionians’ prime elements, such as Thales’ “water” and Anaximander’s “indefinite,” were beings that were equally determined, and they did not explain why and how the world …
What is the concept of apeiron by Anaximander?
Anaximander introduced the apeiron (the boundless) as the beginning of everything (the first principle). According to his theory, the apeiron is undefined and ever moving. It gives birth to the contradictory terms of warm and cold, and of moist and dry, and their perpetual strife.
What is the apeiron how is it related to Thales philosophy?
He believed that infinite worlds are generated from apeiron and then they are destroyed there again. His ideas were influenced by the Greek mythical tradition and by his teacher Thales (7th to 6th century BC).
What are the two main themes or concerns of the milesian philosophers?
The Limits of Human Knowledge. The Milesians and the pluralists were primarily interested in natural philosophy—in the topics that we today would call physics, cosmology, and biology.
How does Anaximander support his claim of boundless and indefinite material ‘?
By speculating and arguing about the “Boundless” he was the first metaphysician. By drawing a map of the world he was the first geographer. But above all, by boldly speculating about the universe he broke with the ancient image of the celestial vault and became the discoverer of the Western world-picture.
What is the first principle of Anaximander?
Anaximander was a pupil of Thales – Anaximander, son of Praxiades, a Milesian. He said that a certain infinite nature is first principle of the things that exist. From it come the heavens and the worlds in them. It is eternal and ageless, and it contains all the worlds.
How did Anaximander view our universe?
Anaximander’s model of the Universe. The Sun, the Moon and each of the stars is actually a transparent ring – or hoop – made of air. Each ring is filled with fire which we can only see when the hole in that particular ring passes over us.