Opposite of White Bear principle?

What is ironic rebound effect?

Ironic process theory, ironic rebound, or the white bear problem refers to the psychological process whereby deliberate attempts to suppress certain thoughts make them more likely to surface. An example is how when someone is actively trying not to think of a white bear they may actually be more likely to imagine one.

What is the ironic effect?

The ironic effect of thought suppression refers to the phenomenon in which individuals trying to rid their mind of a target thought ironically experience greater levels of occurrence and accessibility of the thought compared with individuals who deliberately concentrate on the thought (Wegner, 1994, doi:10.1037/0033- …

How can we stop white bears?

Meditation, mindfulness and other tools can help us avoid unwanted thoughts, says social psychologist Daniel Wegner. Comment: “Try to pose for yourself this task: not to think of a polar bear, and you will see that the cursed thing will come to mind every minute.”

What is the rebound effect that was found in the study where participants were instructed to not think of a white bear?

In the now famous ‘white bear’ study in 1987, the psychologist Daniel Wegner and colleagues showed that explicitly instructing participants to not think of a white bear during a study task resulted in an ironic ‘rebound’ effect where thoughts of a white bear became even more frequent.

What is the pink elephant theory?

My guess is, not even 5 seconds. I bet you’re wondering how that happened. I mean, when is the last time you’ve thought about a “pink elephant?” In psychology, this phenomenon is known as the “ironic process theory,” whereby deliberate attempts to suppress certain thoughts actually make them more likely to surface!

Is thought suppression effective?


However, research has shown that thought suppression has paradoxical effects. That is, the effort “not to think about” a particular thought may, in fact, lead to the continuation of that thought (Wegner, Schneider, Carter, & White, 1987).

How do you suppress your thoughts?

Strategies for Unwanted Thoughts

  1. Choose a distractor and focus on that. If you’re given two things to think about, your concentration is fractured, and will give your brain a small break from focusing on the unwanted thought. …
  2. Postpone the thought. …
  3. Cut back on multitasking. …
  4. Think about it. …
  5. Meditation and mindfulness.

Why is irony so powerful?

Most forms of irony display a disparity between what the characters think can, should, or will happen and what actually transpires. This can spark strong feelings in the reader and serve as a way to teach practical or moral lessons.

What is irony and its importance in poetry?

Irony is a literary device in which contradictory statements or situations reveal a reality that is different from what appears to be true. There are many forms of irony featured in literature.

Why thought suppression is counterproductive?

Compared with a control group, participants who tried to suppress negative intrusive thoughts found it more uncomfortable and moreover experienced more of the thoughts they were trying to suppress. It seems that even with practice thought suppression is likely to lead to the rebound effect in the long-run.

What are the consequences of thought suppression?

Thought suppression may lead to a “rebound” effect, where the effort to push a thought away actually causes it to return. 1 Of course, this leads to more thought suppression, which leads to experiencing more distressing thoughts. It can turn into a vicious cycle.

What happens when we try to suppress unwanted thoughts?

Both experience and research are in agreement that suppressed thoughts can rebound. By trying to suppress intrusive thoughts, you can actually end up thinking about it more rather than less.

What is the disorder of overthinking?

Related links. Illness anxiety disorder, sometimes called hypochondriasis or health anxiety, is worrying excessively that you are or may become seriously ill. You may have no physical symptoms.

What are the most common OCD thoughts?

Common obsessive thoughts in OCD include:

  • Fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt or contaminating others.
  • Fear of losing control and harming yourself or others.
  • Intrusive sexually explicit or violent thoughts and images.
  • Excessive focus on religious or moral ideas.

What happens if you ignore OCD thoughts?

It can easily become a form of compulsive avoidance, a refusal to acknowledge that the thought occurred in the first place and a refusal to experience feelings as they are. Active “ignoring” can trigger an additional sense of being in denial (and thus more anxiety).

Does OCD go away?

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms generally wax and wane over time. Because of this, many individuals diagnosed with OCD may suspect that their OCD comes and goes or even goes away—only to return. However, as mentioned above, obsessive-compulsive traits never truly go away. Instead, they require ongoing management.

What is the root cause of OCD?

Experts aren’t sure of the exact cause of OCD. Genetics, brain abnormalities, and the environment are thought to play a role. It often starts in the teens or early adulthood. But, it can also start in childhood.

What foods help with OCD?

Go for: Nuts and seeds, which are packed with healthy nutrients. Protein like eggs, beans, and meat, which fuel you up slowly to keep you in better balance. Complex carbs like fruits, veggies, and whole grains, which help keep your blood sugar levels steady.

How long does OCD last?

Speaking from experience, I would say that the average uncomplicated case of OCD takes from about six to twelve months to be successfully completed. If symptoms are severe, if the person works at a slow pace, or if other problems are also present, it can take longer.

How do I stop being OCD?

25 Tips for Succeeding in Your OCD Treatment

  1. Always expect the unexpected. …
  2. Be willing to accept risk. …
  3. Never seek reassurance from yourself or others. …
  4. Always try hard to agree with all obsessive thoughts — never analyze, question, or argue with them. …
  5. Don’t waste time trying to prevent or not think your thoughts.

How can I control my OCD without medication?

A non-medication approach to OCD treatment

  1. TMS therapy. During this treatment, an electromagnetic coil is placed on the patient’s head and used to send magnetic pulses into the brain. …
  2. Psychotherapy. Also known as talk therapy, this can be used to teach patients better ways to cope with intrusive thoughts and compulsions.

What are warning signs of OCD?

Warning signs of OCD include resisting change, spending too much time on routine tasks, refusing to touch things with bare hands or experiencing outburst when unable to do things a certain way. Obsessive symptoms include excessive fears and doubt and taboo thoughts.

How do I break my OCD cycle?

For people with an anxiety disorder, however, breaking the cycle of obsessive thinking can be especially difficult.
Distract yourself: Try distracting yourself by breaking the thought cycle:

  1. Read a book.
  2. Call a friend or family member.
  3. Draw a picture.
  4. Talk a walk around your neighborhood.
  5. Do household chores.

Does vitamin D help OCD?

Supplements or vitamin D monotherapy may be useful for reducing psychiatric symptoms in patients with PANDAS OCDs. Further prospective, randomized, and controlled longitudinal studies are needed to define a clear association between vitamin D-related bone metabolism and pediatric OCD.

Can B12 cure OCD?

Vitamin B12 and folate are thought to be effective in OCD treatment due to their associations with neurotransmitters.

Does turmeric help with OCD?

Curcumin treatment had shown a protective effect in OCD with considerable influence on brain monoamine levels, thus providing an evidence for the predictive and construct validity of the model.