What are the risk factors of gender dysphoria?
Potential reasons for gender dysphoria include:
- being born with a condition that affects the sex hormones.
- fetal exposure to chemicals that disrupt hormones, such as phthalates.
- faulty development of some neurons related to gender.
- having a psychiatric condition, such as schizophrenia.
- having autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
What therapy is best for gender dysphoria?
Medical treatment of gender dysphoria might include:
- Hormone therapy, such as feminizing hormone therapy or masculinizing hormone therapy.
- Surgery, such as feminizing surgery or masculinizing surgery to change the chest, external genitalia, internal genitalia, facial features and body contour.
How do you assess gender dysphoria?
The DSM 5 criteria for Gender Dysphoria are:
A strong desire to be rid of one’s primary and/or secondary sex characteristics because of a marked incongruence with one’s experienced or expressed gender (or in young adolescents, a desire to prevent the development of the anticipated secondary sex characteristics).
What is the DSM 5 code for gender dysphoria?
Can a psychiatrist diagnose gender dysphoria?
Assessment of persons with gender dysphoria and diagnosis of the condition is a multidisciplinary action. A detailed psychiatric history, psychosexual development and behavior history, neuropsychological testing and behavioral analysis may be needed. The team may comprise of: Psychiatrists.
Can gender dysphoria be caused by trauma?
Gender dysphoria currently exists as a mental health diagnosis, perpetuating stigma as well as pathologizing gender variance. Clinical social workers have preserved a harmful formulation that gender dysphoria is a disorder caused by trauma.
Is gender dysphoria still in DSM-5?
With the publication of DSM–, “gender identity disorder” was eliminated and replaced with “gender dysphoria.” This change further focused the diagnosis on the gender identity-related distress that some transgender people experience (and for which they may seek psychiatric, medical, and surgical treatments) …